January 2011


7Jan66: Operation Crimp begins. RVN. Clearing of Chu Chi area for Base Camp for 25th Inf Div.
9Jan67: Operation Cedar Falls begins: Entire 1/4th Cav involved.
10Jan91: Advance elements of the 1st Inf Div arrives Al Kudbar, Saudi Arabia.
11Jan66: Operation Quick Kick begins. RVN.
12Jan03: 1/4th Cav and other 1ID units approved for deployment from Germany to Turkey as ARFOR-T.
14Jan66: Operation Crimp ends. Rvn.
16Jan06: 4th Inf Bde Combat Team activated at Ft. Riley, KA.
17Jan91: Operation Desert Storm air war against Iraq begins.
18Jan05: 2-63 AR returns to Ft. Riley from Iraq.
25Jan43: Battle of Ousseltia Valley, Tunisia. 1st Recon Platoon involved.
27Jan66: Operation Quick Kick ends.
27Jan73: The Vietnam Peace Accord is signed.
28Jan66: Operations Mallet and Mallet II begins. RVN.
28Jan04: Lead elements of 1st Inf Div depart Wurzberg, Germany for Kuwait.
28Jan67: Operation Cedar Falls ends.RVN.
30Jan05: Iraqi national elections supported by TF Danger soldiers.
31Jan68: Enemy Tet Offensive begins. 1/4th Cav deploys troops to Tan son Nhut AB and Bear Cat, RVN.(More below)

1/4th Cavalry Trooper accounts of Tet 68

All dates are approximate but as close as I can get them. Rob Ferguson A Troop 2/68 - 69

Back in 1968 on April 3, I was on 24 hour guard duty in one of the watchtowers at Phu Loi Base Camp, watching water buffalo graze below me, that night still in the tower, the base was hit by enemy rockets and mortars, while we in the tower were taking small arms fire, our job in the tower (there were 3 of us) was to try and find where the enemy was firing from and report that to our Arty, as well as to return and suppress the fire we were taking in the tower, this is one of the times I decided that the VC really didn't like me ;-). The tower was good lazy duty as long as you weren't taking fire! That year it wasn't Easter weekend, Easter arrive on 4/14 that year which I didn't realize until 4/7/68 while I was part of a crew tasked with outfitting a new ACAV for 16 a day or so later we delivered the new ACAV to the Troop which was at the Thu Duc Water plant and I was reassigned to the 1st Sgts crew as a rifleman.

On or about April 12 we received a new Troop CO Capt Serio, monsoon had started and it was basically raining all night, every night. Easter Sunday April 14th, nope no church services etc for me, I was detailed to be part of a crew that pick up and deliver, the basic load of ammo for a new tank we just got, then A Troop moved up to Phu Loi, resupplied with lots of ammo and moved up to a new FSB in the Catchers Mitt area as part of Operation Butte Mountain on the 15th, we started patrolling on the 16th (my Mom's Birthday) and the Capts ACAV A66 was hit by an RPG that killed the Capt and his FO, the next day we received a new CO then 1st LT Conley and I was moved to A66 as the M60 gunner and on the 18th we again went out and hit the enemy hard in conjunction with B Troop, this was when I discovered that the M60 had been damaged by the rpg and was now a single shot weapon, not good, the 19th, the original A66 M60 gunner having returned I was transferred over to A63 as the driver, which was interesting as despite being trained for armored cav I had not trained on this type of vehicle, so I'm learning to drive it while we were in a second day of heavy fighting, talk about your fast learning OJT incentives! A definite learning experience! As M60 gunner I had been peppered with fragments that hit the side of our vehicle, fortunately they just stuck in the first layer of skin and I had them plucked out that night, the next day a grenade or some such exploded on the ground, I think, just behind my drivers hatch on A63, which slammed my mouth into the front of the hatch and knocked my TC out of his perch, fortunately neither one of us were hurt aside from a broken tooth, but it did leave a few decent crescent shaped scars in the side of the vehicle, which can be seen in a few of my pictures, the rest of April continued much like this, although the fighting was on a less intense, more sporadic scale, until we were moved down to Di An in early May.

I can honestly say I much prefer my Spring days as they are in the present, but it does intrigue me that one can experience so many different types of life experiences, at the same time of year.

All the best to all our Troops who are in harms way this Easter, may their future Easter seasons be as peaceful and joyous as mine is today.


Hello Bill,
Jim Lerdahl's recollection of the battle for Tan Son Nhut are pretty darn accurate. I was in the same fight as he was (Feb 2nd, 1968) and was on his left flank. I was TC of A26 with Lt John Hammond aboard. Bob Schooley was driving A8 with First Sergeant Frank Kather when it was hit in the fuel tank. The track that had the RPG stuck in the bilge pump hole.........lucky shot for sure.........lol......was very close to us. It was a pretty good fight for sure (I'm pretty cocky saying that today, but was scared shitless back then) and we were taking lots and lots of RPG's and small arms. Lt Hammond was wounded during this action and who ever it was flying above doing C&C (A Colonel I think) put me in charge of the platoon and gave me specific instructions to stop the incoming fire from the houses and buildings and find away to get through the houses and cut off the VC. I put all three tanks on line and started spraying the area with canister rounds. We stopped the incoming fire pretty quickly and the headed out to cut off the VC. So we were the guys Jim was talking about knocking out the VC and RPG's..........


Dan Thompson

Below is First Sergeant Frank Kathers track knocked out on Feb 2nd 1968 at Tan Son Nhut

Jim Lerdahl

In the battle for Tan Son Nhut, the trail party consisted of ACAVs which included: the FSG track-A-50, the radio track-A-63 and the mecanics track-A-8 in the rear. At the time the battle started we were at a road corner which turned left into a villiage. We were bunched up at the corner with the FSG's track around the corner. We were stopped at that time. All of a sudden the A-50 M60 machine gunner opened up at the second story of a bamboo building. He said later the he saw an AK-47 barrel sliding out of the second story window.

All of a sudden all hell broke loose, with RPGs flying all over the place. We had to spread out so the machanics track started backing up, A-63, A-8 and the FSG track. while backing up, RPGs were flying over our heads and into to burm just below our tracks. Once spread out we found that all the RPGs were coming from our left flank which had houses around 100 yards away.

I spotted an RPG position next to a palm tree but could not fire at it till I was finished backing up. Once stopped I used a M79 which the first shot went way over the villiage. I knew this guy was getting the range so I hurried to reload and did whatever was necessary to make my next shot better. My next shot went where he was positioned. He either moved or was hit as the fire from that position ceased.

I finally ran out of M79 ammo a got my camera going, I shot a picture of A-63 and the FSG track in front of me fighting. Very soon after A-8 was hit in the drivers builge pump hole. the A-8 occupants ran to our track. The only one wounded was the driver who had small shrapnel wounds on his face and body. Next hit was the FSG track. It was hit in the fuel tank and started on fire. The medics went over to the track and started treating the FSG and SSG Waters for burns. They were placed on the right side of the track to protect them from further fire.

Shortly a tank started going down those line of houses which contained the rpg postions and blew up house after house, that ended the fighting from the VC. The trail party consisted of four tracks with the 2 in front of A-63 knocked out. Any fire from the right flank was very light at best.

The pictures I took were presented to the 1/4 cav war room along with the Chu Hoa flag that we used on Chu Hoa day.


John Conley,

I'm trying to keep up with my e-mail, but not too successful at present. Most of my time is being spent with medical BS and moving to the new home while having all new flooring installed, etc. The move will be very piecemeal, and Stef has a Johnny do list for both properties like you wouldn't believe.

You have done a commendable job with your recollections Rob. A couple corrections I can make is that I was a Captain when I took over "A" Troop. I was promoted on April Fools day and the orders arrived about a week later. CPT Serio was Killed by an RPG on the 17th of April and that was when I assumed command. The big jungle fights started in the 18th. That was the first time the Troop Box Formation was used since the 1st TET Offensive when "B" Troop used it. The 2nd Platoon of "B" Troop, with a Platoon from Drednaught Bravo attached, developed the formation at Quan Loi in the Summer of 1967. "A" Troop was introduced to the formation the night of the 17th and both "A" and "B Troop used it from that point on. Later every platoon in the Squadron was attached to "A Troop to learn the intricacies of its employment.

CPT Serio took command on 14 April 1968. I was the Adjutant at that point and signed CPT Shirley out of the Command at that time. I recollect CPT Serio taking over the Command of the Troop at the Water Plant and moving it to the Catchers Mitt. CPT Shirley may have jumped of at Phu Loi, which is pretty much enroute to the catchers Mitt depending on which roads were taken. Do you recollect the details of this?

I can't recall when Easter was that year.


Author Unknown:
This is a "History of the 1st Sqdn, 4th Cav that appearantly was prepared by the Cav for higher headquarters(?) covering the year 1968. A new commander was brought to the 1st Sqdn, 4th Cav in the first month of 1968. LTC Thomas G. Tyree assumed command at Phu Loi. However, a new commander wasn't the only thing brought to the squadron in January of 1968. The VC had a gift of their own. On the 31st of January, during the festivities surrounding the Vietnamese celebration of the Lunar New Year (Tet), the Viet Cong contributed some fireworks of their own. They launched a sorties of simultaneous ground and mortar attacks against Vietnam's major cities and Allied military installations.
One of these military installations to come under attack was the 8th ARVN regiment headquarters located in Ben Cat. The Viet Cong had already penetrated the perimeter and were threatening to overrun the regimental headquarters when once again it was--THE CAVALRY TO THE RESCUE! Troop C Headquarters and the 2nd platoon moved into the area, combined forces, and mounted a vicious counterattack inside the ARVN compound. After a bitter fire fight, the Viet Cong retreated before the Cavalrymen's onslaught. They left 45 of their comrades behind them. The gallant actions of the "Quarterhorse" restored the perimeter of the compound, and prevented the VC from overrunning the 8th ARVN headquarters. In days of old, the sound of the Cavalry's bugle meant that help was on the way. In today's warfare, the bugle call has been replaced by the roar of tracked vehicles, but the meaning is still the same.
Action came fast and furious for the squadron in the early months of 1968. No sooner had the Battle of Ben Cat been terminated then the Battle of An My began. The 273rd VC Regiment, 9th VC Division and the Phu Loi Bn had taken over the village of An My. On Feb 1 as Co C, 1/28th Infantry approached the village, they came under a heavy volumn of automatic weapons fire from concealed positions in the village. The aero rifle platoon of Troop D (Air) was inserted to block the Viet Cong's withdrawal from the western portion of the village. Troop B was immediately deployed to influence the action. The determined enemy did not withdraw, and combat was not broken until darkness descended. During the night of 1 Feb, C Troop conducted a forced road march to join in the fight. On Feb 2, Troops B, C, and d along with companies A, C, and D of the 1/28th Infantry and Co A, 16th Infantry took part in a sweep through the village. The combined force of cavalry and infantry massed their fire and drove the VC survivors from the village. A Survey of the battlefield showed a total of 132 VC dead.
On 2 Feb while Troops B and C were involved in the battle of An My, A Troop became Opcon to the 3rd Squadron, 4th Cavalry of the 25th Infantry Division. The cavalry's mission was to screen the left flank of the 2nd Bn, 27th Infantry, 25th Division on a reconaissance-in-force sweep immediately north of Tan Son Nhut Air Base. After the infantry made contact with an enemy force, A Troop proceeded north to block the VC along a Northeast - Southwest road and pinned the enemy in a village complex. Fighting was so intense during the first 40 minutes of the firefight that the wounded could not be safely extracted. Within 2 1/2 hours all resistance in the village was halted and contact broken. VC losses later became known as 46 killed, compliments to A Troop. This battle later became known as the Battle of Xom Loi.
An estimated Bn size enemy base camp 10 kilometers south of Lai Khe provided the scene for the next fight undertaken by the 1/4th Cav. It occured on the 7th of Feb. After an infantry unit had made contact, Troop B Headquarters with ACAV's moved into the area. ARtillery and tactical air strikes were placed on the base camp to reduce the effectiveness of enemy fire. With the stage now set, Troop B led the assault on the base camp with the infantry following behind. The result of this vigorous assault was 42 VC Killed.
Feb 18th and 20th brought elements of the "Quarterhorse" into contact with enemy forces once again. Troop B swept through the village of Cau Dinh on the 18th leaving 192 VC bodies behind, and on the 20th they swept through the village of Hoa Loi II with an ARVN sweep force. In this encounter an additional 13 VC fell before the armed might of the "Quarterhorse".
After an action filled Feb, the early part of March brought a decrease in activities for the Squadron. Contact was light and scattered. Division Operation Quyet Thang (Resolve to Win) was launched on 11 March. B and C Troop made contact while carrying out an reconaissance-in-force mission on 13 and 14 March. This contact west of the night defensive position at Siciuly V was supported by artillery and air strikes. The VC body count for these two day was 36. The only other March action occured on the 20th when B Troop killed 4 VC as part of a seal and search operation in the village of Minh Thah.
The "Quarterhorse" was operating from a NDP in the Trapozoid area on 3 April 68, and was conducting reconaissance-in-force missions with Troops B and C. It was during this time that three separate ambushes were perpetrated upon elements of the "Quarterhorse". All were successfully repulsed, and three more VC joined thier comrades in the land of the unliving.
On 6 April 1968 the 1st Squadron, 4th Cavalry came under intense RPG and automatic Weapons fire as it moved out of the Trapezoid area. Artillery and air strikes were brought into the area. Those landed so close to the column that the only cover available was that provided by their own armor protection. The Cavalry returned fire with 90mm canister and .50 Caliber MGs. The exact results of this action are unknown, but the enemy casualities were heavy.
The 17, 18, and 19 of April found the "Quarterhorse" engaged in a series of heavy engagements in the area known as the Catcher's Mitt. During these three days, the men of the "Quarterhorse" withstood automatic weapons fire, small arms fire, RPG rounds, and CS gas. They countered with Zippos and all available fire power to inflict tremendous casualties on the enemy. At the end of three days fighting, over 100 VC had joined their comrades in arms who had fallen in battle before them.
The village of Tan Heip on the 4th of May witnessed the skill and daring of the Cavalry. Troop A Opcon to the 2nd Bde was called upon to help an element of the 1st Bn, 18th Infantry after this element had made contact in the village. Contact was heavy and the enemy was stubborn. Troop A placed a heavy volumn of fire on the enemy position and advanced to the edge of the rice paddies around the village. The tremendous display of firepower caused heavy casualities, and enabled the infantry to advance forward. Troop D (air) supported the action with gunships late in the afternoon. When the action had ceased, the Cavalry had added another 19 VC to the list of those killed by the men of the "Quarterhorse".
The 1st Squadron, 4th Cavalry was engaged in some extremely heavy contact on the 5th and 6th of May. While conducting a reconaissance-in-force mission north of Di An, Troop B spotted 3 VC. Immediately the enemy was brought under fire resulting in 3 VC killed. This brief skirmish iniated some fierce fighting against a strong VC force which was in the same area. Airstrikes and artillery were employed to reduce the enemy's effectiveness. A Troop was moved to B Troop's rear and prepared to attack on order. Troop B iniated the death struggle. They were hard hit, but continued to fight until their ammunition was expended. As Troop B withdrew to get resupplied, Troop A assumed the offensive, advanced under heavy fire and overran on 12.7mm machinegun position. The VC started withdrawing to the west in order to break contact. Contact was broken just prior to darkness. Heavy fighting was renewed the following day, and continued until broken by the enemy. A Sweep through the area later revealed that 340 VC had fallen before the armed might and tremendous courage of the Cavalry.
During the months from January to May, the men of the Quarterhorse" compiled the most impressive record of any unit in the 1st Division. On thrid of all casualties inflicted by the Big Red One was inflicted by the Squadron. This achievement was brought about by a gallant band of Cavalryment who turned the motto of the 1st Squadron, 4th United States Cavalry, "Prepared and Loyal" into action.
The enemy had been badly beaten during the first half of "68". His offensive, fierce though it was, did not bring him the victory he desired. During the months of June, July, and August, the men of the "Quarterhorse" performed Reconaissance-in-force mission. The highlight of this period occurred on the 11th of July. On that day the reins of the Cavalry were handed over to LTC John C. Faith. When LTC Faith assumed command, the 1st Squadron, 4th Cavalry already had the reputation as being one of the finest units in the First Division. However, the new commander was to discover that the best kept getting better. On the 25th of September Troops A and B with Squadron Headquarters conducted a road march from Phu Loi to Loc Ninh where they remained until October. The Squadron conducted Reconaissance-in-force missions through this area. The men of the "Quarterhorse" found numerous bunkers and tunnel complexes, but they could not lure the VC into a fight. Evidence suggests that when the Cavalry moved in, the enemy moved out. The Viet Cong had painfully learned the cost of pitting their forces against the men of the "Quarterhorse".
On the 2nd of October, the Squadron departed Loc Ninh for Quan Loi. During the road march, they received light sniper fire. They returned fire with negative results. The "Quarterhorse" conducted a search and seal of the village of Xa Mihn Duc on the 3rd of October. The seal was effective resulting in 16 detainees, VC Clothing, foot gear, and documents.
On the next day, the Squadron received a concentrated attack of Mortar, RPG and automatic weapons fire. Fire was immediately returned and contact broken. A search of the battlefield the next morning had negative findings. However, the Squadron set out in search of its attackers and made contact with a small element resulting in 6 VC killed.
Near the village of Lang Nam on the 6th of October, the men of the "Quarterhorse" made contact with a well dug in element of a VC company. The Cavalrymen attacked with direct fire and artillery support and completely overran the enemy position. Four hours later and further south the Cavalrymen again made contact with a dug in enemy. Again the tracked vehicles spewing fire like the dragons of old, overran the enemy. When the blood red sun set that evening 43 NCA soldiers lay dead.
The 10th of October was moving day for the 1st Squadron, 4th Cavalry. The men of the "Quarterhorse" departed Phu Loi, thier home for nearly three years, and set up a new base camp at Di An. Only D Troop (air) remained at Phu Loi. The change of location also bought a change of mission for the Squadron. They were given a major role in the work of pacification taking place in the Di An Area.
The months of November and December saw the men of the "Quarterhorse" approach the challenge of pacification in the same manner they had faced other challenges. They responded with loyalty and enthusiasm. Civil action program were diligently carried out. By the end of December nearly all of the hamlets given to the Squadron for improvement had obtained a higher rating.
As the year 1968 was about to pass into history, the men of the "Quarterhorse" review the year with a profound sense of pride. They had accomplished much, but they were not content to rest upon past laurels. They stood prepared to demonstrate in 1969 the loyalty, skill and determination which has made the 1st Squadron, 4th United States Cavalry the most respected and feared unit of the 1st Infantry Division.(Author unknown).


Following are some photos I've received and am sharing them with you. BB

Dan Thompson caught this great photo of a "Freedom Bird" when he departed from vietnam

Photo when the 4th Cav marched to Sparten, WI. - Not sure where this came from

4th cav Regmt Band cir: 1884- not sure where this one came from either

Photo taken near the Black Virgin Mountain Area

Zippo Track Burning Sensation in NDP with wire fence used to catch RPGs

Photo provided by Jeff Kramer. The consensus was that it was of a building near Quan Loi


As if the weather isn't bad enough, we have several Troopers who could use your continued prayers. BB



SMOKEY GUILLESPIE - Suffer a stroke last weekend - Doing much better

RON CO0LEY - Had back surgery - Doing OK!

DAN HORN - Had open heart surgery - Just got home - Doing OK



Hello Bill,
I would like for you to post a update on a very good friend of mine that served as 1st Sgt A troop 1/4 Cav
Former Command Sgt Mgr Chris Trammell has moved from Radcliff, KY by FT Knox as his wife has passed away and he is presently living with his daughter in Texas. I know so well he would love to have some cards or mail from those that served with him. He does not run a computer so all of his comtact is by mail. Please drop him a word or two.

Christopher Trammell
402 Evita Ln.
Euless, TX 76039-3890

Thanks so much, John Pifer C troop 67-69


Very appropriate post sent in by Dan Thompson. bb

Happy Brother's Day!

Be the kind of man that when your feet hit the floor each morning the devil says "Oh Crap, he's up!"
Brother,life is too short to wake up with regrets. So love the people who treat you right.
Forgive the ones who don't just because you can. Believe everything happens for a reason. If you
get a second chance, grab it with both hands. If it changes your life, let it. Take a few minutes
to think before you act when you're mad. Forgive quickly. God never said life would be easy He just
promised it would be worth it. Today is Brother's day, send this to all your brothers, fathers, sons.
Happy Brothers Day! I LOVE YA BROTHER!!! To the cool men that have touched my life. Here's to you!!
A real Brother walks with you when the rest of the world walks on you.


Bob Corbin has been in contact with Marty Dawson, our latest Check-in. Thanks to Dan Thompson and Bob for sharing this information with us. BB

Hi Bob,
I Remember the names Pepe 1SG, CPT Sturgis C.O, LT. Copes - big Man, Gary Warner, Joe Dabney, Duke Snyder, Mike Jarvis, and The name Benoit is in here somewhere.(BB, Alan Benoit was in C-Trp unless there was another Benoit in A Trp ?)
I have lived here for over 36 Years, and most of my military duty was over here.
Remember at three A.M. alert, 32 dudes trying to kill that monkey. Never knew how vicious they can be.(There has to be a story here, I'd like to get it for our archives - BB)
I agree it is good to hear from brothers out of the past. Have not had a computer all the time, and since 16 years have had the world at my fingertips. I also have a Facebook account, but do not like it at all. I use SKYPE to talk to people throughout the world. My SKYPE address is golf-nut-1@t-online,de, and if you are inclined you can hook up there. It does not cost a penny, and we can talk. My address here is as follows:

Merton E. Dawson
63801 Kleinostheim.
I have fax capability also number-01149-6027-990006

That would be nice if you could send the CD. I had a newspaper of Ap Tau O until last year. Can not find it any more.
Saw my first Agent Orange claim approval last month. Veteran 82 years old with Parkinsons Disease, Diabetes Mellitus Type II, and Secondary both legs each 20%. Am working on getting him examined again to get his 100%. Got the CRSC approved in 2 days. He is currently rated at 70%.
I have a 100% P.T. combat related that took 5 years to get.
Take care,
Prepared & Loyal

Marty sent the following photos which are from the 1966 time frame for A Troop. I hope he has more that he can share. BB.

My 113 Commander and gunner, I was the driver. Sgt. Phelps and unknown.

Capt Sturgis`s vehicle after the battle.

Samuel Larkin and me.

Me on the fence.

My mascot Lilly.

Gary Warne

Unknown Tank and crewmembers


Gary Chenett said he has been in contact with Rick Baerlin. I sent him to the our Cav website and am trying to help him also.....


My computer will not let me reach you on the 1/4 Horse web site so I have to go this way.
Would you please put me on the 1/4 horse site as Trooper check in and maybe some Buddy will contact me.
Also thanks a million for hooking me up with Gary Chennett he is a walking / TALKING V.A. Expert and he only lives about 15 miles from me south of Fenton. Also is Capt Fred Shirley still around and is he contactable? Thanks again.

Dave Teachworth
May 1967 to June 1968
1/4 Cav. A Trp. 1st Plt
Alpha-16 T.C.


When WW III Started - 1979

You have to read the catalogue of events in this brief piece. Then, ask yourself how anyone can take the position that all we have to do is bring our troops home from Iraq, & Afghanistan then sit back, reset the snooze alarm, go back to sleep, and no one will ever bother us again.

In case you missed it, World War III began in November 1979... That alarm has been ringing for 31 years!!

US Navy Captain Ouimette is the Executive Officer at Naval Air Station, Pensacola , Florida .

This is a copy of the speech he gave recently.

It is an accurate account of why we are in so much trouble today and why this action is so necessary. AMERICA NEEDS TO WAKE UP! That's what we think we heard on the 11th of September 2001 (When more than 3,000 Americans were killed) and maybe it was, but I think it should have been 'Get Out of Bed!' In fact, I think the alarm clock has been buzzing since 1979 and we have continued to hit the snooze button and roll over for a few more minutes of peaceful sleep since then.

It was a cool fall day in November 1979 in a country going through a religious and political upheaval when a group of Iranian students attacked and seized the American Embassy in Tehran. This seizure was an outright attack on American soil; it was an attack that held the world's most powerful country hostage and paralyzed a Presidency.

The attack on this sovereign U. S. Embassy set the stage for events to follow for the next 31 years.

America was still reeling from the aftermath of the Vietnam experience and had a serious threat from the Soviet Union when then, President Carter, had to do something. He chose to conduct a clandestine raid in the desert. The ill-fated mission ended in ruin, but stood as a symbol of America's inability to deal with terrorism.

America 's military had been decimated and down sized/right sized since the end of the Vietnam War. A poorly trained, poorly equipped and poorly organized military was called on to execute a complex mission that was doomed from the start.

Shortly after the Tehran experience, Americans began to be kidnapped and killed throughout the Middle East. America could do little to protect her citizens living and working abroad. The attacks against US soil continued.

In April of 1983, when Ronald Reagan was president, a large vehicle packed with high explosives was driven into the US Embassy compound in Beirut. When it explodes, it kills 63 people. The alarm went off again and America hit the Snooze Button once more. Two months later in December 1983, another truck loaded with explosives is driven into the US Embassy in Kuwait , and America continues her slumber.

The following year, in September 1984, another van was driven into the gate of the US Embassy in Beirut and America slept.

Soon the terrorism spreads to Europe. In April 1985 a bomb explodes in a restaurant frequented by US soldiers in Madrid.

Then in August 1985 a Volkswagen loaded with explosives is driven into the main gate of the US Air Force Base at Rheine-Main, 22 are killed and the snooze alarm is buzzing louder and louder as US interests are continually attacked.

Fifty-nine days later in 1985 a cruise ship, the Achille Lauro is hijacked and we watched as an American in a wheelchair is singled out of the passenger list and executed.

The terrorists then shift their tactics to bombing civilian airliners when they bomb TWA Flight 840 in April of 1986 that killed 4 and the most tragic bombing, Pan Am Flight 103 over Lockerbie, Scotland in 1988, killing 259.

The wake up alarm is getting louder and louder

The terrorists decide to bring the fight to America. In January 1993, two CIA agents are shot and killed as they enter CIA headquarters in Langley , Virginia.

The following month, February 1993, a group of terrorists are arrested after a rented van packed with explosives is driven into the underground parking garage of the World Trade Center in New York City. Six people are killed and over 1000 are injured. Still this is a crime and not an act of war? The Snooze alarm is depressed again.

Then in November 1995 a car bomb explodes at a US military complex in Riyadh Saudi Arabia killing seven service men and women.

A few months later in June of 1996, another truck bomb explodes only 35 yards from the US military compound in Dhahran , Saudi Arabia. It destroys the Khobar Towers, a US Air Force barracks, killing 19 and injuring over 500. The terrorists are getting braver and smarter as they see that America does not respond decisively.

They move to coordinate their attacks in a simultaneous attack on two US embassies in Kenya and Tanzania. These attacks were planned with precision. They kill 224. America responds with cruise missile attacks and goes back to sleep.

The USS Cole was docked in the port of Aden, Yemen for refueling on 12 October 2000, when a small craft pulled along side the ship and exploded killing 17 US Navy Sailors. Attacking a US War Ship is an act of war, but we sent the FBI to investigate the crime and went back to sleep.

And of course you know the events of 11 September 2001. Most Americans think this was the first attack against US soil or in America. How wrong they are. America has been under a constant attack since 1979 and we chose to hit the snooze alarm and roll over and go back to sleep.

In the news lately we have seen lots of finger pointing from every high official in government over what they knew and what they didn't know. But if you've read the papers and paid a little attention I think you can see exactly what they knew. You don't have to be in the FBI or CIA or on the National Security Council to see the pattern that has been developing since 1979.

I think we have been in a war for the past 31 years and it will continue until we as a people decide enough is enough. America needs to 'Get out of Bed' and act decisively now. America has been changed forever. We have to be ready to pay the price and make the sacrifice to ensure our way of life continues. We cannot afford to keep hitting the snooze button again and again and roll over and go back to sleep.

After the attack on Pearl Harbor , Admiral Yamamoto said '... it seems all we have done is awakened a sleeping giant.' This is the message we need to disseminate to terrorists around the world.

This is not a political thing to be hashed over in an election year, this is an AMERICAN thing. This is about our Freedom and the Freedom of our children in years to come.


Thanks to Don Kalahar for this tribute to Bill Mauldin. BB

Get out your history books and open them to the chapter on World War II. Today's lesson will cover a little known but very important hero of whom very little was ever really known. Here is another important piece of lost US history, which is a true example of our American Spirit.

Makes ya proud to put this stamp on your envelopes........

Bill Mauldin stamp honors grunt's hero. The post office gets a lot of criticism. Always has, always will. And with the renewed push to get rid of Saturday mail delivery, expect complaints to intensify. But the United States Postal Service deserves a standing ovation for something that happened last month: Bill Mauldin got his own postage stamp. Mauldin died at age 81 in the early days of 2003. The end of his life had been rugged. He had been scalded in a bathtub, which led to terrible injuries and infections; Alzheimer's disease was inflicting its cruelties. Unable to care for himself after the scalding, he became a resident of a California nursing home, his health and spirits in rapid decline

He was not forgotten, though. Mauldin, and his work, meant so much to the millions of Americans who fought in World War II, and to those who had waited for them to come home. He was a kid cartoonist for Stars and Stripes, the military newspaper; Mauldin's drawings of his muddy, exhausted, whisker-stubbled infantrymen Willie and Joe were the voice of truth about what it was like on the front lines.

Mauldin was an enlisted man just like the soldiers he drew for; his gripes were their gripes, his laughs their laughs, his heartaches their heartaches. He was one of them. They loved him.

He never held back. Sometimes, when his cartoons cut too close for comfort, superior officers tried to tone him down. In one memorable incident, he enraged Gen. George S. Patton, who informed Mauldin he wanted the pointed cartoons celebrating the fighting men, lampooning the high-ranking officers to stop. Now! "I'm beginning to feel like a fugitive from the' law of averages."

The news passed from soldier to soldier. How was Sgt. Bill Mauldin going to stand up to Gen. Patton? It seemed impossible.

Not quite. Mauldin, it turned out, had an ardent fan: Five-star Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower, supreme commander of the Allied forces in Europe . Ike put out the word: Mauldin draws what Mauldin wants. Mauldin won. Patton lost.

If, in your line of work, you've ever considered yourself a young hotshot, or if you've ever known anyone who has felt that way about him or herself, the story of Mauldin's young manhood will humble you. Here is what, by the time he was 23 years old, Mauldin accomplished:

"By the way, wot wuz them changes you wuz Gonna make when you took over last month, sir?"
He won the Pulitzer Prize, was featured on the cover of Time magazine. His book "Up Front" was the No. 1 best-seller in the United States .

All of that at 23. Yet, when he returned to civilian life and grew older, he never lost that boyish Mauldin grin, never outgrew his excitement about doing his job, never big-shotted or high-hatted the people with whom he worked every day.
I was lucky enough to be one of them. Mauldin roamed the hallways of the Chicago Sun-Times in the late 1960s and early 1970s with no more officiousness or air of haughtiness than if he was a copyboy. That impish look on his face remained He had achieved so much. He won a second Pulitzer Prize, and he should have won a third for what may be the single greatest editorial cartoon in the history of the craft: his deadline rendering, on the day President John F. Kennedy was assassinated, of the statue at the Lincoln Memorial slumped in grief, its head cradled in its hands. But he never acted as if he was better than the people he met. He was still Mauldin, the enlisted man.
During the late summer of 2002, as Mauldin lay in that California nursing home, some of the old World War II infantry guys caught wind of it. They didn't want Mauldin to go out that way. They thought he should know he was still their hero.

"This is the' town my pappy told me about."
Gordon Dillow, a columnist for the Orange County Register, put out the call in Southern California for people in the area to send their best wishes to Mauldin. I joined Dillow in the effort, helping to spread the appeal nationally, so Bill would not feel so alone. Soon, more than 10,000 cards and letters had arrived at Mauldin's bedside.
Better than that, old soldiers began to show up just to sit with Mauldin, to let him know that they were there for him, as he, so long ago, had been there for them. So many volunteered to visit Bill that there was a waiting list. Here is how Todd DePastino, in the first paragraph of his wonderful biography of Mauldin, described it:
"Almost every day in the summer and fall of 2002 they came to Park Superior nursing home in Newport Beach , California , to honor Army Sergeant, Technician Third Grade, Bill Mauldin. They came bearing relics of their youth: medals, insignia, photographs, and carefully folded newspaper clippings. Some wore old garrison caps. Others arrived resplendent in uniforms over a half century old. Almost all of them wept as they filed down the corridor like pilgrims fulfilling some long-neglected obligation."

One of the veterans explained to me why it was so important: "You would have to be part of a combat infantry unit to appreciate what moments of relief Bill gave us. You had to be reading a soaking wet Stars and Stripes in a water-filled foxhole and then see one of his cartoons."

"Th' hell this ain't th' most important hole in the world. I'm in it."

Mauldin is buried in Arlington National Cemetery . Last month, the kid cartoonist made it onto a first-class postage stamp. It's an honor that most generals and admirals never receive.

What Mauldin would have loved most, I believe, is the sight of the two guys who keep him company on that stamp. Take a look at it. There's Willie. There's Joe. And there, to the side, drawing them and smiling that shy, quietly observant smile, is Mauldin himself. With his buddies, right where he belongs. Forever.

What a story, and a fitting tribute to a man and to a time that few of us can still remember. But I say to you youngsters, you must most seriously learn of and remember with respect the sufferings and sacrifices of your fathers, grand fathers and great grandfathers in times you cannot ever imagine today with all you have. But the only reason you are free to have it all is because of them.

My personal favorite of Bill Mauldin's cartoons is the following. It really hit home for this 19 year old soon after arriving in Vietnam. Wasn't old enough to vote or drink but old enough to die for my country! BB


Heres one sent in by Ron Brauer that's been seen before but needs to be read more often. BB

THE FINAL INSPECTION The Soldier stood and faced God, Which must always come to pass. He hoped his shoes were shining, Just as brightly as his brass.. 'Step forward now,Soldier , How shall I deal with you? Have you always turned the other cheek? To My Church have you been true?' The soldier squared his shoulders and said, 'No, Lord, I guess I ain't. Because those of us who carry guns, Can't always be a saint. I've had to work most Sundays, And at times my talk was tough. And sometimes I've been violent, Because the world is awfully rough. But, I never took a penny, That wasn't mine to keep... Though I worked a lot of overtime, When the bills got just too steep. And I never passed a cry for help, Though at times I shook with fear.. And sometimes, God, forgive me, I've wept unmanly tears. I know I don't deserve a place, Among the people here. They never wanted me around, Except to calm their fears If you've a place for me here, Lord, It needn't be so grand. I never expected or had too much, But if you don't, I'll understand. There was a silence all around the throne, Where the saints had often trod. As the Soldier waited quietly, For the judgment of his God. 'Step forward now, you Soldier, You've borne your burdens well. Walk peacefully on Heaven's streets, You've done your time in Hell.' Author Unknown~


Here's a chance for you to support a very important cause.Sent in by Don Kalahar. BB

Support Breast Cancer Research


Very special video ... please watch

Hi Everyone, About 136 former cheerleaders got together to do a dance routine to benefit "Susan G. Komen for the Cure" (Breast Cancer). Each time someone views the video, United Healthcare will make a $.10 donation to the Komen organization. Their goal is to get a million hits, which will lead to $100K raised.
Please can you take a moment to watch the video - and, just as important, pass this link onto your network of friends, family and colleagues? It benefits a very important cause!

Support The Fight against Breast Cancer

Thanks for helping!


Thanks to Wayne Paddack for this Speech sent in. BB

12 September 2009

Speech by Major General Robert Scales USA (Ret) at Truman Library, Independence, Missouri

Mr. Skelton, Mr Cleaver, distinguished guests and, most importantly, fellow veterans. What a great thrill it is see my comrades in arms assembled here so many years after we shared our experiences in war.

Let me give you the bottom line up front: I'm proud I served in Vietnam. Like you I didn't kill innocents, I killed the enemy; I didn't fight for big oil or for some lame conspiracy. I fought for a country I believed in and for the buddies who kept me alive. Like you I was troubled that, unlike my father, I didn't come back to a grateful nation. It took a generation and another war, Desert Storm, for the nation to come back to me.

Also like you I remember the war being 99 percent boredom and one percent pure abject terror. But not all my memories of Vietnam are terrible. There were times when I enjoyed my service in combat. Such sentiment must seem strange to a society today that has, thanks to our superb volunteer military, been completely insulated from war. If they thought about Vietnam at all, our fellow citizens would imagine that fifty years would have been sufficient to erase this unpleasant war from our conscientiousness. Looking over this assembly it's obvious that the memory lingers, and those of us who fought in that war remember.

The question is why? If this war was so terrible why are we here? It's my privilege today to try to answer that question not only for you, brother veterans, but maybe for a wider audience for whom, fifty years on, Vietnam is as strangely distant as World War One was to our generation.

Vietnam is seared in our memory for the same reason that wars have lingered in the minds of soldiers for as long as wars have been fought. From Marathon to Mosul young men and now women have marched off to war to learn that the cold fear of violent death and the prospects of killing another human being heighten the senses and sear these experiences deeply and irrevocably into our souls and linger in the back recesses of our minds.

After Vietnam we may have gone on to thrilling lives or dull; we might have found love or loneliness, success or failure. But our experiences have stayed with us in brilliant Technicolor and with a clarity undiminished by time. For what ever primal reason war heightens the senses. When in combat we see sharper, hear more clearly and develop a sixth sense about everything around us.

Remember the sights? I recall sitting in the jungle one bright moonlit night marveling on the beauty of Vietnam. How lush and green it was; how attractive and gentle the people, how stoic and unmoved they were amid the chaos that surrounded them.

Do you remember the sounds? Where else could you stand outside a bunker and listen to the cacophonous mix of Jimmy Hendrix, Merle Haggard and Jefferson Airplane? Or how about the sounds of incoming? Remember it wasn't a boom like in the movies but a horrifying noise like a passing train followed by a crack and the whistle of flying fragments.

Remember the smells? The sharpness of cordite, the choking stench of rotting jungle and the tragic sweet smell of enemy dead.

I remember the touch, the wet, sticky sensation when I touched one of my wounded soldiers one last time before the medevac rushed him forever from our presence but not from my memory, and the guilt I felt realizing that his pain was caused by my inattention and my lack of experience. Even taste is a sense that brings back memories. Remember the end of the day after the log bird flew away leaving mail, C rations and warm beer? Only the first sergeant had sufficient gravitas to be allowed to turn the C ration cases over so that all of us could reach in and pull out a box on the unlabeled side hoping that it wasn't going to be ham and lima beans again.

Look, forty years on I can forgive the guy who put powder in our ammunition so foul that it caused our M-16s to jam. I'm OK with helicopters that arrived late.. I'm over artillery landing too close and the occasional canceled air strike. But I will never forgive the Pentagon bureaucrat who in an incredibly lame moment thought that a soldier would open a can of that green, greasy, gelatinous goo called ham and lima beans and actually eat it.

But to paraphrase that iconic war hero of our generation, Forrest Gump, life is like a case of C Rations, you never know what you're going to get because for every box of ham and lima beans there was that rapturous moment when you would turn over the box and discover the bacchanalian joy of peaches and pound cake. It's all a metaphor for the surreal nature of that war and its small pleasures... ..those who have never known war cannot believe that anyone can find joy in hot beer and cold pound cake. But we can.

Another reason why Vietnam remains in our consciousness is that the experience has made us better. Don't get me wrong. I'm not arguing for war as a self improvement course. And I realize that war's trauma has damaged many of our fellow veterans physically, psychologically and morally. But recent research on Post Traumatic Stress Disorder by behavioral scientists has unearthed a phenomenon familiar to most veterans: that the trauma of war strengthens rather than weakens us (They call it Post Traumatic Growth).. We know that a near death experience makes us better leaders by increasing our self-reliance, resilience, self image, confidence and ability to deal with adversity. Combat veterans tend to approach the future wiser, more spiritual and content with an amplified appreciation for life. We know this is true. It's nice to see that the human scientists now agree.

I'm proud that our service left a legacy that has made today's military better. Sadly, Americans too often prefer to fight wars with technology. Our experience in Vietnam taught the nation the lesson that war is inherently a human not a technological endeavor. Our experience is a distant whisper in the ear of today's technology wizards that firepower is not sufficient to win, that the enemy has a vote, that the object of war should not be to kill the enemy but to win the trust and allegiance of the people and that the ultimate weapon in this kind or war is a superbly trained, motivated, and equipped soldier who is tightly bonded to his buddies and who trusts his leaders.

I've visited our young men and women in Iraq and Afghanistan several times. On each visit I've seen first hand the strong connection between our war and theirs. These are worthy warriors who operate in a manner remarkably reminiscent of the way we fought so many years ago. The similarities are surreal. Close your eyes for a moment and it all comes rushing back. In Afghanistan I watched soldiers from my old unit, the 101st Airborne Division, as they conducted daily patrols from firebases constructed and manned in a manner virtually the same as those we occupied and fought from so many years ago. Every day these sky soldiers trudge outside the wire and climb across impossible terrain with the purpose as one sergeant put it - to kill the bad guys, protect the good guys, and bring home as many of my soldiers as I can.. Your legacy is alive and well. You should be proud.

The timeless connection between our generation and theirs can be seen in the unity and fighting spirit of our soldiers in Iraq and Afghanistan. Again and again, I get asked the same old question from folks who watch soldiers in action on television: why is their morale so high? Don't they know the American people are getting fed up with these wars? Don't they know Afghanistan is going badly? Often they come to me incredulous about what they perceive as a misspent sense of patriotism and loyalty.

I tell them time and again what every one of you sitting here today, those of you who have seen the face of war, understand: it's not really about loyalty. It's not about a belief in some abstract notion concerning war aims or national strategy. It's not even about winning or losing. On those lonely firebases as we dug through C ration boxes and drank hot beer we didn't argue the righteousness of our cause or ponder the latest pronouncements from McNamara or Nixon or Ho Chi Minh for that matter. Some of us might have trusted our leaders or maybe not. We might have been well informed and passionate about the protests at home or maybe not. We might have groused about the rich and privileged who found a way to avoid service but we probably didn't. We might have volunteered for the war to stop the spread of global communism or maybe we just had a failing semester and got swept up in the draft.

In war young soldiers think about their buddies. They talk about families, wives and girlfriends and relate to each other through very personal confessions. For the most part the military we served with in Vietnam did not come from the social elite. We didn't have Harvard degrees or the pedigree of political blue bloods. We were in large measure volunteers and draftees from middle and lower class America. Just as in Iraq today we came from every corner of our country to meet in a beautiful yet harsh and forbidding place, a place that we've seen and experienced but can never explain adequately to those who were never there.

Soldiers suffer, fight and occasionally die for each other. It's as simple as that. What brought us to fight in the jungle was no different than the motive force that compels young soldiers today to kick open a door in Ramadi with the expectation that what lies on the other side is either an innocent huddling with a child in her arms or a fanatic insurgent yearning to buy his ticket to eternity by killing the infidel. No difference. Patriotism and a paycheck may get a soldier into the military but fear of letting his buddies down gets a soldier to do something that might just as well get him killed.

What makes a person successful in America today is a far cry from what would have made him a success in the minds of those assembled here today. Big bucks gained in law or real estate, or big deals closed on the stock market made some of our countrymen rich. But as they have grown older they now realize that they have no buddies. There is no one who they are willing to die for or who is willing to die for them. William Manchester served as a Marine in the Pacific during World War II and put the sentiment precisely right when he wrote: "Any man in combat who lacks comrades who will die for him, or for whom he is willing to die, is not a man at all. He is truly damned."

The Anglo Saxon heritage of buddy loyalty is long and frightfully won. Almost six hundred years ago the English king, Henry V, waited on a cold and muddy battlefield to face a French army many times his size. Shakespeare captured the ethos of that moment in his play Henry V. To be sure Shakespeare wasn't there but he was there in spirit because he understood the emotions that gripped and the bonds that brought together both king and soldier. Henry didn't talk about national strategy. He didn't try to justify faulty intelligence or ill formed command decisions that put his soldiers at such a terrible disadvantage. Instead, he talked about what made English soldiers fight and what in all probably would allow them to prevail the next day against terrible odds. Remember this is a monarch talking to his men:

This story shall the good man teach his son; And Crispin Crispian shall ne'er go by, From this day to the ending of the world, But we in it shall be remembered- We few, we happy few, we band of brothers; For he to-day that sheds his blood with me Shall be my brother; be he ne'er so vile, This day shall gentle his condition; And gentlemen in England now-a-bed Shall think themselves accurs'd they were not here, And hold their manhoods cheap whiles any speaks That fought with us upon Saint Crispin's day.

You all here assembled inherit the spirit of St Crispin's day. You know and understand the strength of comfort that those whom you protect, those in America now abed, will never know. You have lived a life of self awareness and personal satisfaction that those who watched you from afar in this country who hold their manhood cheap can only envy.

I don't care whether America honors or even remembers the good service we performed in Vietnam. It doesn't bother me that war is an mage that America would rather ignore. It's enough for me to have the privilege to be among you. It's sufficient to talk to each of you about things we have seen and kinships we have shared in the tough and heartless crucible of war.

Some day we will all join those who are serving so gallantly now and have preceded us on battlefields from Gettysburg to Wanat. We will gather inside a firebase to open a case of C rations with every box peaches and pound cake. We will join with a band of brothers to recount the experience of serving something greater than ourselves. I believe in my very soul that the almightily reserves a corner of heaven, probably around a perpetual campfire where some day we can meet and embrace all of the band of brothers throughout the ages to tell our stories while envious standers-by watch and wonder how horrific and incendiary the crucible of violence must have been to bring such a disparate assemblage so close to the hand of God.


Danny Horn is recuperating from open heart surgary and finds it difficult to stay in a good mood. BB

The next time you hear a politician use the Word 'billion' in a casual manner, think about Whether you want the 'politicians' spending YOUR tax money. A billion is a difficult number to comprehend, But one advertising agency did a good job of Putting that figure into some perspective in One of it's releases. A. A billion seconds ago it was 1959. B. A billion minutes ago Jesus was alive. C. A billion hours ago our ancestors were Living in the Stone Age. D. A billion days ago no-one walked on the earth on two feet. E. A billion dollars ago was only 8 hours and 20 minutes, At the rate our government Is spending it. While this thought is still fresh in our brain... let's take a look at New Orleans ... It's amazing what you can learn with some simple division. Louisiana Senator, Mary Landrieu (D) Is presently asking Congress for 250 BILLION DOLLARS To rebuild New Orleans . Interesting number... What does it mean? A. Well .. If you are one of the 484,674 residents of New Orleans (every man, woman, and child) You each get $516,528. B.. Or... If you have one of the 188,251 homes in New Orleans , your home gets $1,329,787.. C. Or... If you are a family of four.... Your family gets $2,066,012. Washington , D. C HELLO! Are all your calculators broken?? Building Permit Tax CDL License Tax Cigarette Tax Corporate Income Tax Dog License Tax Federal Income Tax (Fed) Federal Unemployment Tax (FU TA) Fishing License Tax Food License Tax Fuel Permit Tax Gasoline Tax Hunting License Tax Inheritance Tax Inventory Tax IRS Interest Charges (tax on top of tax) IRS Penalties(tax on top of tax) Liquor Tax Luxury Tax Marriage License Tax Medicare Tax Property Tax Real Estate Tax Service charge taxes Social Security Tax Road Usage Tax (Truckers) Sales Taxes Recreational Vehicle Tax School Tax State Income Tax State Unemployment Tax (SUTA) Telephone Federal Excise Tax Telephone Federal Universal Service Fee Tax Telephone Federal, State and Local Surcharge Tax Telephone Minimum Usage Surcharge Tax Telephone Recurring and Non-recurring Charges Tax Telephone State and Local Tax Telephone Usage Charge Tax Utility Tax Vehicle License Registration Tax Vehicle Sales Tax Watercraft Registration Tax Well Permit Tax Workers Compensation Tax (And to think, we left British Rule to avoid so many taxes) Not one of these taxes existed 100 years ago.. And our nation was the most prosperous in the world. We had absolutely no national debt.... We had the largest middle class in the world..... And Mom stayed home to raise the kids. What happened? Can you spell: 'POLITICIANS!' And I still have to Press '1' For English. I hope this goes around the U S A At least 100 times What the hell happened???


Just in case you might be interested, there is a site that provides Vietnamese news in English. Thanks to Tom Witter for this information. BB


Click here to visit Site

There is a part 1 and 2.
that is interesting!
Click on both Special Reports and Home.


Thanks to Howard Greenfield for this article. BB

US Engineer Gets 32 Years for Selling Secrets to China
Jan 25, 2011 – 7:05 AM

Lauren Frayer Contributor

An American engineer who helped develop the military's B-2 stealth bomber has been sentenced to 32 years behind bars for secretly selling some of that technology to China.

Noshir Gowadia, an Indian-born U.S. citizen, was convicted last August of selling classified engine details to China so Beijing could make stealth cruise missiles that evade infrared detection. He's believed to have made some $110,000 in illegal profits from the deal, which helped pay a $15,000-a-month mortgage on his luxury oceanfront home in Hawaii. The former U.S. Army contractor, 66, was sentenced Monday by a court in Honolulu.

"He broke his oath of loyalty to this country," Judge Susan Oki Mollway said during Gowadia's sentencing, according to London's Daily Telegraph. "He was found guilty of marketing valuable technology to foreign countries for personal gain."

For nearly 20 years, Gowadia worked for Army contractor Northrop Grumman Corp. during its development of the B-2 design in the 1970s and '80s. He later worked as a direct contractor for the U.S. government until 1997, when his security clearance was revoked, Agence France-Presse reported.

Then, between 2003 and 2005, Gowadia is believed to have made repeated trips to China, providing "defense services" as a freelance consultant to China's cruise missile program. He was arrested in 2005.

Gowadia was convicted of 14 counts, including communicating national defense information to aid a foreign nation and violating the U.S. Arms Export Control Act. At trial, his lawyers acknowledged that he made several consulting trips to China, but argued that Gowadia provided the Chinese with only unclassified information.

Even if he gets credit for good behavior in prison, Gowadia will likely be in his 80s by the time he gets out, Mollway said.

The defendant's son spoke to reporters outside the Honolulu courthouse, saying his father's lawyers planned to appeal the case. Ashton Gowadia said evidence that could have exonerated his father was barred from the jury because it's considered classified.

"My father would never, ever do anything to intentionally to hurt this country," Ashton Gowadia said, according to The Associated Press. "We hope the convictions will be overturned and he'll be able to go home."

Prosecutors had asked the jury to hand Gowadia a life sentence, but afterward said they were pleased with 32 years.


You might find the following article sent in by Gary Chenett, Interesting! BB

“no right of self-defense”
Tuesday, December 28, 2010 8:26 AM

By Bryan Fischer

I have written before about the feminizing of the Medal of Honor, rehearsing the simple fact that we apparently have stopped awarding it for “take the hill” displays of valor and courage. We still quite correctly award it for bravery and gallantry in saving the lives of comrades-in-arms, but it seems military brass has lost its stomach for publicly honoring brave soldiers who kill the enemy in pursuit of a military objective.
“no right of self-defense”
Tuesday, December 28, 2010 8:26 AM

By Bryan Fischer

I have written before about the feminizing of the Medal of Honor, rehearsing the simple fact that we apparently have stopped awarding it for “take the hill” displays of valor and courage. We still quite correctly award it for bravery and gallantry in saving the lives of comrades-in-arms, but it seems military brass has lost its stomach for publicly honoring brave soldiers who kill the enemy in pursuit of a military objective. Not one Medal of Honor has been awarded for such heroism in the 16 years we’ve been at war in Iraq and Afghanistan. I refuse to believe that that the explanation is that we just haven’t had one single, solitary soldier demonstrate uncommon valor in pursuit of a military objective in all that time. I’m quite sure it’s been demonstrated; an emasculated military just chooses not to recognize it.
For further evidence of the feminizing of the military - which will only accelerate now that flaming homosexuals will be allowed to serve out and proud - I give you Lt. Michael Behenna. Lt. Behenna killed a known al-Qaida operative in Iraq who had led an attack that killed members of Behenna’s squad.
While Behenna was escorting the enemy combatant, Muslim terrorist Ali Mansur, the nude Mansur lunged for Behenna’s weapon, at which point Behenna did what soldiers are supposed to do when the enemy attacks you: he shot him dead.
The only recognition Behenna got - get ready for this - was a 15-year sentence in Ft. Leavenworth,where he has been rotting for the last two years instead of being out there killing more bad guys. The army told him he had no “right of self-defense,” even though the shooting took place in a war zone. The army would not even allow expert forensic testimony that backed up Behenna’s version of events. If a prosecutor pulled a stunt like that in civilian court, he’d wind up being the one in prison.
Herbert MacDonell, who heads the Laboratory for Forensic Science in Corning, N.Y., concluded that Behenna’s account of the shooting was supported by the evidence. But the prosecution - who had hired MacDonell in the first place - wouldn’t allow him to testify and didn’t even inform Behenna’s defense team of these exculpatory findings until after Behenna had been thrown in prison. That will get you disbarred and worse in any system of law in which simple justice is the highest priority.
Said MacDonell, “I am sure that had I testified ... the jury could have had the option of considering how well the defendant's story fit the physical facts.”
The Clemency Board flatly denied Behenna’s request for a reduced sentence, despite the exculpatory evidence and despite the fact that his sentence is 50 percent longer than the stiffest sentence given to any soldier convicted of unpremeditated murder in a combat zone. And despite the fact that his appeal for clemency was supported by the governor of Oklahoma, the Oklahoma attorney general, and the entire Oklahoma congressional delegation.
You want to know one of the reasons why we have so little to show for our efforts in Iraq and why Afghanistan is turning into Obama’s Vietnam, what happened to Behenna is it. Instead of honoring soldiers who kill the enemy, even in self-defense, we are punishing them. The kind of action that used to get you the Medal of Honor will get you locked up today.
Sadly, all that will probably be just fine with the new pretty-in-pink military President Obama, the Democrats, and eight turncoat Republicans just gave us.
While 80% of the MOHs in World War II were for “take the hill” actions of bravery, that number dropped to just under 50% in Korea, to about 25% in Vietnam, and to a flat zero in Iraq and Afghanistan.
Not one Medal of Honor has been awarded for such heroism in the 16 years we’ve been at war in Iraq and Afghanistan. I refuse to believe that that the explanation is that we just haven’t had one single, solitary soldier demonstrate uncommon valor in pursuit of a military objective in all that time. I’m quite sure it’s been demonstrated; an emasculated military just chooses not to recognize it.
For further evidence of the feminizing of the military - which will only accelerate now that flaming homosexuals will be allowed to serve out and proud - I give you Lt. Michael Behenna. Lt. Behenna killed a known al-Qaida operative in Iraq who had led an attack that killed members of Behenna’s squad.
While Behenna was escorting the enemy combatant, Muslim terrorist Ali Mansur, the nude Mansur lunged for Behenna’s weapon, at which point Behenna did what soldiers are supposed to do when the enemy attacks you: he shot him dead.
The only recognition Behenna got - get ready for this - was a 15-year sentence in Ft. Leavenworth,where he has been rotting for the last two years instead of being out there killing more bad guys. The army told him he had no “right of self-defense,” even though the shooting took place in a war zone. The army would not even allow expert forensic testimony that backed up Behenna’s version of events. If a prosecutor pulled a stunt like that in civilian court, he’d wind up being the one in prison.
Herbert MacDonell, who heads the Laboratory for Forensic Science in Corning, N.Y., concluded that Behenna’s account of the shooting was supported by the evidence. But the prosecution - who had hired MacDonell in the first place - wouldn’t allow him to testify and didn’t even inform Behenna’s defense team of these exculpatory findings until after Behenna had been thrown in prison. That will get you disbarred and worse in any system of law in which simple justice is the highest priority.
Said MacDonell, “I am sure that had I testified ... the jury could have had the option of considering how well the defendant's story fit the physical facts.”
The Clemency Board flatly denied Behenna’s request for a reduced sentence, despite the exculpatory evidence and despite the fact that his sentence is 50 percent longer than the stiffest sentence given to any soldier convicted of unpremeditated murder in a combat zone. And despite the fact that his appeal for clemency was supported by the governor of Oklahoma, the Oklahoma attorney general, and the entire Oklahoma congressional delegation.
You want to know one of the reasons why we have so little to show for our efforts in Iraq and why Afghanistan is turning into Obama’s Vietnam, what happened to Behenna is it. Instead of honoring soldiers who kill the enemy, even in self-defense, we are punishing them. The kind of action that used to get you the Medal of Honor will get you locked up today.
Sadly, all that will probably be just fine with the new pretty-in-pink military President Obama, the Democrats, and eight turncoat Republicans just gave us.


Here's a very interesting article sent in by Charles Murowski. BB


I locked my car. As I walked away I heard my car door unlock. I went back and locked my car again three times. Each time, as soon as I started to walk away, I would hear it unlock again!

Naturally alarmed, I looked around and there were two guys sitting in a car in the fire lane next to the store. They were obviously watching me intently, and there was no doubt they were somehow involved in this very weird situation. I quickly chucked the errand I was on, jumped in my car and sped away. I went straight to the police station, told them what had happened, and found out I was part of a new, and very successful, scheme being used to gain entry into cars.

Two weeks later, my friend's son had a similar happening. While traveling, my friend's son stopped at a roadside rest to use the bathroom. When he came out to his car less than 4-5 minutes later, someone had gotten into his car and stolen his cell phone, laptop computer, GPS navigator, briefcase--you name it. He called the police and since there were no signs of his car being broken into, the police told him he had been a victim of the latest robbery tactic--there is a device that robbers are using now to clone your security code when you lock your doors on your car using your key-chain locking device.

They sit a distance away and watch for their next victim. They know you are going inside of the store, restaurant, or bathroom and that they now have a few minutes to steal and run. The police officer said to manually lock your car door by hitting the lock button inside the car--that way if there is someone sitting in a parking lot watching for their next victim, it will not be you!

When you hit the lock button on your car upon exiting, it does not send the security code, but if you walk away and use the door lock fob button

on your key chain, it sends the code through the airwaves where it can be instantly stolen. This is very real.


Here's a free-bee for those of you who want it. BB

The "I Served" sticker is now a program of Operation Homefront!Over the past several years, a dedicated team of volunteers and partner organizations have distributed more than 600,000 stickers to recognize those who served in Iraq, Afghanistan, and Vietnam. It started out as a simple concept, a way to allow those who served to identify themselves so others could say "thank you" for serving our country. Over time, thousands have made donations, and 100% of those donations went to keeping the program going. And dozens of partners organizations have helped get them in the hands of service members.

The plan was to give out a sticker to everyone who served in IRQ and AFG. We now realize this concept needs to go on even after the current deployments end. We are very pleased to pass the program to Operation Homefront!

The mission continues . . .- Scott Kreger, creator of the "I Served Sticker" program I Served Stickers: The Mission.Since 2009, over 600,000 men and women who have served courageously in our armed forces have received “I Served” stickers. We want to tell them “thank you.” Our vision is to give every returning military person that served in Iraq or Afghanistan a FREE sticker that identifies where they served. It is our hope that these stickers will encourage others to express a simple “thank you” for serving our country.

For our heroes who served in VietnamMany veterans and their families have asked for “I Served” stickers honoring those who served in Vietnam. According to the U.S. Census Bureau, more than 1 million veterans who served in Vietnam are still alive today. Many of these veterans did not receive the gracious welcome home they deserved, and for many, displaying a simple sticker like this is their first time publicly acknowledging their service. To these heroes: Thank You! We hope you will request these stickers as a small token of our gratitude for your service and that they will encourage those who see them to express a long-overdue “thank you” for serving our country.

Click here

WARNING!! TROOPERS JOKES - Some of these may not be pleasant for the young or weak of heart.

Heres one from Alan Benoit to get us started. BB

This one is for all you "smart *ss" guys!!!! LOL


Don't ever think ole Bob Corbin is shy folks.BB

Subject: Oh Dear!

I was in Starbucks yesterday when I suddenly realized I desperately needed to pass gas. The music was really, really loud, so I timed my gas with the beat of the music.

After a couple of songs, I started to feel better. I finished my coffee, and noticed that everybody was staring at me....

Then I suddenly remembered that I was listening to my iPod


Here is a handy bit of information to keep around.BB


Danny Horn is doing better after his heart surgary. BB

Every day, a male co-worker walks up very close to a lady at the coffee machine, inhales a big breath of air, and tells her that her hair smells nice.
After a week of this, she can't stand it anymore, takes her complaint to a supervisor in the personnel department and asks to file a sexual harassment grievance against him.
The Human Resources supervisor is puzzled and asks: "What's sexually threatening about a co-worker telling you your hair smells nice?"
The woman replies, "It's Keith. The midget."


Thanks to Gary Taylor for sending this one in.BB


Just before the funeral services, the undertaker came up to the very elderly widow and asked, 'How old was your husband?' '98,' she replied, 'Two years older than me' 'So you're 96,' the undertaker commented. She responded , 'Hardly worth going home, is it?

Reporter interviewing a 104-year-old woman: 'And what do you think is the best thing about being 104?' the reporter asked. She simply replied, 'No peer pressure.'

The nice thing about being senile is You can hide your own Easter eggs.

I've sure gotten old! I've had two bypass surgeries, a hip replacement, New knees, fought prostate cancer and diabetes I'm half blind, Can't hear anything quieter than a jet engine, Take 40 different medications that Make me dizzy, winded, and subject to blackouts. Have bouts with dementia. Have poor circulation; Hardly feel my hands and feet anymore. Can't remember if I'm 89 or 98. Have lost all my friends. But, thank God, I still have my driver's license.

I feel like my body has gotten totally out of shape, So I got my doctor's permission to join a fitness club and start exercising. I decided to take an aerobic class for seniors. I bent, twisted, gyrated, jumped up and down, and perspired for an hour. But, By the time I got my leotards on, The class was over.

My memory's not as sharp as it used to be. Also, my memory's not as sharp as it used to be.

Know how to prevent sagging? Just eat till the wrinkles fill out.

It's scary when you start making the same noises as your coffee maker. These days about half the stuff In my shopping cart says, 'For fast relief.


Fred Currier sends us this one.BB

I’ve just heard from a friend in Northern Minnesota .

He says it has been snowing heavily for three days now.

His wife has done nothing but stare through the window.

If it doesn't stop snowing soon he’ll probably have to let her in.


Thanks to Gary Chenett for the following.BB

An old guy goes to his doctor for his physical and gets sent to the Urologist as a precaution. When he gets there, he discovers the Urologist is a very pretty female doctor. The female doctor says, "I'm going to check your prostate today, but this new procedure is a little different from what you are probably used to. I want you to lie on your right side, bend your knees, then while I check your prostate, take a deep breath and say, '99'.

The old guy obeys and says,"99". The doctor says, "Great". Now turn over on your left side and again, while I repeat the check, take a deep breath and say, '99". Again, the old guy says, '99'."

The doctor said, ?Very good?. Now then, I want you to lie on your back with your knees raised slightly. I'm going to check your prostate with this hand, and with the other hand I'm going to hold on to your penis to keep it out of the way. Now take a deep breath and say, '99'.

The old guy begins, "One ... Two ... Three" ...


Here's one sent in by Ole Grouchy.BB

A Blonde's Year in Review (enjoy)....

Took new scarf back to store because it was too tight.

Fired from pharmacy job for failing to print labels.....
Helllloooo!!!.......bottles won't fit in printer!!!

Got really excited.....finished jigsaw puzzle in 6 months.....
Box said ' 2-4 years!'

Trapped on escalator for hours ...
Power went out!!!

Tried to make Kool-Aid.....wrong instructions....
8 cups of water won't fit into those little packets!!!

June>br> Tried to go water skiing.......
Couldn't find a lake with a slope.

Lost breast stroke swimming competition.....
Learned later that the other swimmers cheated- they used their arms!!!

Got locked out of my car in rain storm.....
Darn car filled up with water because convertible top was open.

The capital of California is 'C'.....isn't it???

Hate M & M's.....They are so hard to peel.

Baked Thanksgiving turkey for 4 1/2 days ...
Instructions said bake 1 hour per pound and I weigh 108!!

Couldn't call 911.
'Duh'.....there's no 'eleven' button on the stupid phone!!!


Thanks to Howard Greenfield for this neat history lesson.BB

How Adam Got Eve

Nothing like a good Bible story to make your day.

Adam was hanging around the garden of Eden feeling very lonely.

So, God asked him, 'What's wrong with you?'

Adam said he didn't have anyone to talk to.

God said that He was going to make Adam a companion

And that it would be a woman.

He said, 'This pretty lady will gather food for you, she will cook for you,

And when you discover clothing, she will wash them for you

She will always agree with every decision you make and she will not nag you,

And will always be the first to admit she was wrong when you've had a disagreement.

She will praise you!
She will bear your children.

And never ask you to get up in the middle of the night to take care of them.

'She will NEVER have a headache and will freely give you love and

Passion whenever you need it.'

Adam asked God, 'What will a woman like this cost?'

'An arm and a leg.'

Then Adam asked, 'What can I get for a rib

Of course the rest is history..... .......!! !!


John Conley sent in a couple quickies. BB

After retiring, I went to the Social Security office to apply for Social Security.
The woman behind the counter asked me for my driver's License to verify my age.
I looked in my pockets and realized I had left my wallet at home.
I told the woman that I was very sorry, but I would have to go home and come back later.
The woman said, 'Unbutton your shirt'.
So I opened my shirt revealing my curly silver hair.
She said, 'That silver hair on your chest is proof enough for me' and she processed my Social Security application..
When I got home, I excitedly told my wife about my experience at the Social Security office...
She said, 'You should have dropped your pants. You might have gotten disability, too.'
And then the fight started...


My wife was standing nude, looking in the bedroom mirror.
She was not happy with what she saw and said to me,
"I feel horrible; I look old, fat and ugly.
I really need you to pay me a compliment.
' I replied, "Your eyesight's damn near perfect."
And then the fight started........


We interupt or regular program for this important bulletin from Jeff Kramer! BB

It was inevitable.

Tragic news from up north . .


How about this one from Joe West. BB


A blonde woman was speeding down the road in her little red sports car and was pulled over by a woman police officer, who was also a blonde.

The blonde cop asked to see the blonde driver's license. She dug Through her purse and was getting progressively more agitated.

'What does it look like?' she finally asked. The policewoman replied, 'It's square and it has your picture on It.'

The driver finally found a square mirror in her purse, looked at it And handed it to the policewoman. 'Here it is,' she said. The blonde officer looked at the mirror, then handed it back saying, "OK, you can go. I didn't realize you were a cop...


Here's a good one from Ron Brauer. BB

How retirees keep occupied

After I retired, my wife insisted that I accompany her on her trips to Target. Unfortunately, like most men, I found shopping boring and preferred to get in and get out.

Equally unfortunate, my wife is like most women - she loves to browse. Yesterday my dear wife received the following letter from the local Target.

Dear Mrs. Samuel,

Over the past six months, your husband has caused quite a commotion in our store. We cannot tolerate this behavior and have been forced to ban both of you from the store. Our complaints against your husband, Mr. Samuel, are listed below and are documented by our video surveillance cameras.

1. June 15: Took 24 boxes of condoms and randomly put them in other people's carts when they weren't looking.

2. July 2: Set all the alarm clocks in Housewares to go off at 5-minute intervals.

3. July 7: He made a trail of tomato juice on the floor leading to the women's restroom.

4. July 19: Walked up to an employee and told her in an official voice, 'Code 3 in Housewares. Get on it right away'. This caused the employee to leave her assigned station and receive a reprimand from her Supervisor that in turn resulted with a union grievance, causing management to lose time and costing the company money.

5. August 4: Went to the Service Desk and tried to put a bag of M&Ms on layaway.

6. August 14: Moved a 'CAUTION - WET FLOOR' sign to a carpeted area.

7. August 15: Set up a tent in the camping department and told the children shoppers he'd invite them in if they would bring pillows and blankets from the bedding department to which twenty children obliged.

8. August 23: When a clerk asked if they could help him he began crying and screamed, 'Why can't you people just leave me alone?' EMTs were called.

9. September 4: Looked right into the security camera and used it as a mirror while he picked his nose.

10. September 10: While handling guns in the hunting department, he asked the clerk where the antidepressants were.

11. October 3: Darted around the store suspiciously while loudly humming the 'Mission Impossible' theme.

12. October 6: In the auto department, he practiced his 'Madonna look' by using different sizes of funnels.

13. October 18: Hid in a clothing rack and when people browsed through, yelled 'PICK ME! PICK ME!'

14. October 21: When an announcement came over the loud speaker, he assumed a fetal position and screamed 'OH NO! IT'S THOSE VOICES AGAIN!'

And last, but not least:

15. October 23: Went into a fitting room, shut the door, waited awhile, then yelled very loudly, 'Hey! There's no toilet paper in here.' One of the clerks passed out.


Get Any Lost Photos Back, Fast!
(Works with all Windows versions)

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Stellar Phoenix Photo Recovery recovers lost or deleted digital photos from all storage devices like camera cards, and USB devices. Whether you've deleted important photos by accident, or have lost pictures because of one or more corrupted media devices, Stellar Phoenix Photo Recovery will bring any digital photo back.

Stellar Phoenix Photo Recovery software works with any type of digital card reader or storage media. When you conduct a scan of the device in question, Stellar Phoenix displays any images it finds and allows you to recover all of them quickly.

You can use Stellar Phoenix Photo Recovery Software in cases where:

- File system corruption of the storage media - Unintentional or intentional formatting - Turning the camera off unexpectedly - Accidental deletion of files - Corruption or damage to the media (including JPG/JPEG format) - Pulling out the memory card when the camera was running

Stellar Phoenix Photo Recovery can rescue pictures from almost every storage device. Here's a list of some of the storage mediums that it can recover photos from: Hard Drives, USB Drives, Memory Sticks, Flash Cards, Sony Memory Stick, IBM Micro Drive, SD Cards, SDHC Cards, MMC Cards, XD Cards, CompactFlash Cards, SmartMedia Cards, Secure Digital Cards, Zip Disks, Mini Disks, and more!

The good news is that you can download this program for free and run the free scan. The scan will let you know if it can recover the photos you're looking for. If it works and you need to recover those photos, you can buy the software. If not, no harm done - it didn't cost you a cent to try.

Click her to download(5.26 MB)


Provided by Dr. Edmund Hayes, MD

Breathalyzers For Medical Diagnostics
Researchers have overcome a fundamental obstacle in developing breath-analysis technology to rapidly diagnose patients by detecting chemical compounds called "biomarkers" in a person's respiration in real time.
The researchers demonstrated their approach is capable of rapidly detecting biomarkers in the parts per billion to parts per million range, at least 100 times better than previous breath-analysis technologies, said Carlos Martinez, an assistant professor of materials engineering at Purdue who is working with researchers at the National Institute of Standards and Technology.
"People have been working in this area for about 30 years but have not been able to detect low enough concentrations in real time," he said. "We solved that problem with the materials we developed, and we are now focusing on how to be very specific, how to distinguish particular biomarkers."


Take Responsibility For Your Own Health
Bob Baker is a patient of Dr. Lisa Martin. Bob works as an engineer for a Fortune 500 company that holds major commercial and Department of Defense contracts. He's 45 years old and happily married with two college-age children. Bob's lifestyle is stressful. He travels for business frequently, is expected to entertain clients, and always does "whatever it takes" to keep the clients and his boss happy. Unfortunately, keeping others happy has resulted in Bob's diabetes, high blood pressure and his being 40 pounds above his ideal bodyweight of 170 pounds.
Bob was fit and trim when he married Susan, but his weight increased gradually over the last 15 years as he spent more time taking care of business and less time taking care of himself. The diabetes and the high blood pressure developed as a result of the weight gain. Susan has been concerned about his health for years and it's been a contentious issue in their relationship, which has contributed to the stress in Bob's life.
Bob's been seeing Dr. Martin every three to four months over the last two years, and the appointments typically last 15 minutes. He has good health insurance, so he can afford the doctor visits, lab tests and medications. Dr. Martin has started Bob on a variety of medicines, but his blood pressure and blood sugar are not controlled to the optimal levels, and he has not been able to lose weight despite her urging.


Blood-Thinning Treatment Standards Changing for Heart Patients
Researchers at the University of Cincinnati and Massachusetts General Hospital have found that warfarin, a known anticoagulation (blood-thinning) drug, may not be as beneficial to some patients with atrial fibrillation as previously thought. These findings were published online this week ahead of print in the journal Circulation: Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes.
Warfarin is commonly prescribed to prevent blood clotting, particularly for patients with atrial fibrillation-a type of abnormal heart rhythm. Mark Eckman, MD, a UC Health physician, professor of medicine and lead investigator of the study, says that this finding could change the way patients with the heart condition manage stroke risk.


Poor Response To Anti-Anemia Drug Predicts Higher Risk Of Heart Disease Or Death
Patients with diabetes, kidney disease and anemia who don't respond to treatment with an anti-anemia drug have a higher risk of cardiovascular disease or death, researchers at UT Southwestern Medical Center have found.
The results suggest that testing such patients' responsiveness to the drug and keeping blood iron levels a little low might reduce their risk, said Dr. Robert Toto, professor of internal medicine and clinical sciences and a senior author of the study, which appeared in the New England Journal of Medicine.
"These patients required higher doses and ended up having lower hemoglobin anyway," Dr. Toto said. "The results of this study might lead us in directions that can help." The results were an unexpected finding of a study on darbepoetin alpha, which stimulates the production of red blood cells to counteract anemia. The drug, manufactured by Amgen, is sold under the name Aranesp.


Coma and General Anesthesia Demonstrate Important Similarities
The brain under general anesthesia isn't "asleep" as surgery patients are often told - it is placed into a state that is a reversible coma, according to three neuroscientists who have published an extensive review of general anesthesia, sleep and coma, in the Dec. 30 issue of The New England Journal of Medicine. This insight and others reported in their review article could eventually lead to new approaches to general anesthesia and improved diagnosis and treatment for sleep abnormalities and emergence from coma.
The researchers explain that a fully anesthetized brain is much closer to the deeply unconscious low-brain activity seen in coma patients, than to a person asleep. Essentially, general anesthesia is a coma that is drug-induced, and, as a consequence, reversible. The states operate on different time scales - general anesthesia in minutes to hours, and recovery from coma in hours to months to years, if ever. The study of emergence from general anesthesia and recovery from coma could help to better understand how both processes occur.
Understanding that these states have more in common with each other than differences - that they represent a continuum of activity with common circuit mechanisms being engaged across the different processes of awakening from sleep or emerging from coma or general anesthesia - "is very exciting, because it gives us new ways to understand each of these states," says study co-author, Dr. Nicholas D. Schiff, a professor of neurology and neuroscience at Weill Cornell Medical College and a neurologist at NewYork-Presbyterian Hospital/Weill Cornell Medical Center. Co-authors of the study are Dr. Emery Brown of Massachusetts General Hospital, Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Harvard Medical School, and Dr. Ralph Lydic from the University of Michigan.


Newborns With Low Vitamin D Levels At Increased Risk For Respiratory Infections
The vitamin D levels of newborn babies appear to predict their risk of respiratory infections during infancy and the occurrence of wheezing during early childhood, but not the risk of developing asthma. Results of a study in the January 2011 issue of Pediatrics support the theory that widespread vitamin D deficiency contributes to risk of infections.
"Our data suggest that the association between vitamin D and wheezing, which can be a symptom of many respiratory diseases and not just asthma, is largely due to respiratory infections," says Carlos Camargo, MD, DrPH, of the Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH), who led the study. "Acute respiratory infections are a major health problem in children. For example, bronchiolitis - a viral illness that affects small airway passages in the lungs - is the leading cause of hospitalization in U.S. infants." Although vitamin D is commonly associated with its role in developing and maintaining strong bones, recent evidence suggests that it is also critical to the immune system. Vitamin D is produced by the body in response to sunlight, and achieving adequate levels in winter can be challenging, especially in regions with significant seasonal variation in sunlight. Previous studies by Camargo's team found that children of women who took vitamin D supplements during pregnancy were less likely to develop wheezing during childhood. The current study was designed to examine the relationship between the actual blood levels of vitamin D of newborns and the risk of respiratory infection, wheezing and asthma.


FDA Warns Consumers Not To Use Fruta Planta Weight Loss Products What is the Problem?
PRock Marketing LLC, is voluntarily recalling all lots of Fruta Planta and Reduce Weight Fruta Planta because FDA testing determined that the product contains sibutramine. Sibutramine is a drug that was withdrawn from the market in December 2010 for safety reasons. The FDA has received multiple reports of adverse events associated with the use of Fruta Planta and Reduce Weight Fruta Planta, including several cardiac events and one death.


Vaccine Blocks Cocaine High in Mice
Researchers have produced a lasting anti-cocaine immunity in mice by giving them a safe vaccine that combines bits of the common cold virus with a particle that mimics cocaine.
In their study, published Jan. 4 in the online edition of Molecular Therapy and funded by the National Institute on Drug Abuse, the researchers say this novel strategy might be the first to offer cocaine addicts a fairly simple way to break and reverse their habit, and it might also be useful in treating other addictions, such as to nicotine, heroin and other opiates.
"Our very dramatic data shows that we can protect mice against the effects of cocaine, and we think this approach could be very promising in fighting addiction in humans," says the study's lead investigator, Dr. Ronald G. Crystal, chairman and professor of genetic medicine at Weill Cornell Medical College.


Antibiotic Treatment Effective For Common Gastrointestinal Disorder
A ground-breaking antibiotic therapy is the first potential drug treatment to provide irritable bowel syndrome patients with long-lasting relief of their symptoms even after they stop taking the medication, according to a study published in the Jan. 6 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.
Unlike other traditional therapies for Irritable Bowel Syndrome, patients in these large studies reported relief of their symptoms for up to 10 weeks after completing treatment with rifaximin, says William D. Chey, M.D., professor in the Department of Internal Medicine at the University of Michigan.
Rifaximin is a minimally absorbed antibiotic that stays in the gut. Specifically, patients reported improvement in overall IBS symptoms, relief from bloating, less abdominal pain and improved stool consistency for up to 10 weeks, says Chey, one of the researchers on the study and director of the Michigan Bowel Control Program.


Vitamin D Deficiencies May Impact Onset of Autoimmune Lung Disease
A new study shows that vitamin D deficiency could be linked to the development and severity of certain autoimmune lung diseases.
These findings are being reported in the Jan. 4 edition of the journal Chest. Brent Kinder, MD, UC Health pulmonologist, director of the Interstitial Lung Disease Center at the University of Cincinnati and lead investigator on the study, says vitamin D deficiencies have been found to affect the development of other autoimmune diseases, like lupus and type 1 diabetes.
"We wanted to see if lack of sufficient vitamin D would also be seen in patients who are diagnosed with an autoimmune interstitial lung disease (ILD) and whether it was associated with reduced lung function," he says.


Experimental Pain-Killing Drug Is More Potent, Longer Acting Than Morphine
A little-known morphinelike drug is potentially more potent, longer lasting and less likely to cause constipation than standard morphine, a study led by a Loyola University Health System anesthesiologist has found.
The drug, morphine-6-0-sulfate, has a similar chemical structure to standard morphine. Dr. Joseph Holtman Jr. and colleagues reported that a study they performed in rats "demonstrated potential clinical advantages of morphine-6-0-sulfate compared to morphine."
Holtman is first author of the study, published in the December 2010 issue of the European Journal of Pharmacology.


How You Can Reduce Preventable Mistakes In Your Medical Care
There are nearly 1.5 million Americans who suffer each year from preventable mistakes. A report by the Institute of Medicine estimates that as many as 98,000 people die in U.S. hospitals each year as the result of medical errors. Most of these errors are related to drug mistakes. That's the bad news. The good news is that your doctors and hospitals are trying to reduce these errors by using by using new electronic technologies that should significantly reduce these errors. But there is a lot that you can do to minimize these mistakes associated with drug mix-ups.
In this article I will provide 17 ideas that are easy for you to use when interacting with your physician or if you are a patient in the hospital can reduce the likelihood of receiving the wrong medication or the wrong treatment.


Supplementing Seasonal Flu Vaccine Broadens Immune Protection
Supplementing seasonal flu vaccines with a viral protein that remains relatively constant may provide broader protection against emerging flu strains such as the 2009 H1N1 pandemic strain, scientists from Emory University School of Medicine have shown. The results are published online in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences Early Edition.
Public health authorities are often playing catch-up when choosing which viral strains will go into the season's flu shot, because of the influenza virus' ability to change quickly and incorporate genetic information from viruses that infect animals such as pigs and chickens.
To meet this challenge, Emory researchers combined a vaccine made from a standard laboratory strain with virus-like particles (VLPs) containing M2, a viral protein that changes relatively little compared with other parts of the virus. These particles are shells that look like viruses but can't replicate.


Researchers Will Test Nanoparticles Against Pancreatic Cancer
A five-year, $16-million grant from the National Cancer Institute will take advantage of specialized expertise developed by scientists at Albert Einstein College of Medicine of Yeshiva University and Montefiore, the University Hospital and Academic Medical Center for Einstein. The research - carried out by a group of five institutions, including Einstein, that comprise the Texas Center for Cancer Nanomedicine - could lead to novel ways to diagnose and treat pancreatic and ovarian cancer using nanoparticles. Steven Libutti, M.D.Nanoparticles are engineered materials that are 100 nanometers or less in size. (A nanometer is one billionth of a meter.) Nanoparticles impregnated with drugs are called nanomedicines.
"We will be investigating nanomedicines for both imaging and treating pancreatic tumors," said Einstein-Montefiore principal investigator Steven Libutti, M.D., professor and vice chair of surgery at Einstein and Montefiore, director of the Montefiore-Einstein Center for Cancer Care, and associate director for clinical services of the Albert Einstein Cancer Center. "Our part of the consortium is developing nanoparticles that will specifically target unique aspects of the blood vessels found in pancreatic adenocarcinomas and pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors."


Believe it or not
Suicidal New York man leaps, but saved by garbage pile A would-be suicide jumper in New York was alive on Monday after leaping from a ninth-floor window but landing in a giant heap of garbage uncollected since the city's massive snowstorm a week ago.
Vangelis Kapatos, 26, was hospitalized in critical but stable condition after jumping from his apartment on West 45th Street on Sunday afternoon, authorities said. Sanitation workers have not collected trash since the December 26 storm dumped more than a foot and a half of snow on the city. Mounds of garbage several feet high line many sidewalks.
"Everybody is complaining that the trash hasn't been picked up," Kapatos' aunt said on Monday. "But me, I'm thankful that it was never picked up." Police said the trash bags below broke Kapatos' fall and that he left no suicide note before jumping.
The Department of Sanitation, which was only resuming garbage collecting on Monday, estimates 77,000 tons of trash have been left uncollected since the storm. Mayor Michael Bloomberg said he expects workers to be caught up with trash collection by Friday.
"It will take a few days to catch up," Bloomberg said. "But they're out there today and hopefully in the next three to four days, we'll be done with it." Katharina Capatos, who spells her surname differently from her nephew, told Reuters he was severely depressed and had spent a month in the psychiatric ward at Bellevue Hospital before being released last week.
He also was worried about the possibility of being evicted from his $572-a-month rent-stabilized apartment, she said.
Kapatos' eviction hearing was scheduled to proceed on Tuesday, according to the New York City Housing Court.


Believe it or not

"Science sense" list trashes celebrity health tips
Science campaigners laid bare some of the most dubious celebrity-endorsed health tips on Wednesday, rubbishing ideas such as reabsorbing sperm and wearing silicone bracelets to boost energy.
In an annual list of what it sees as the year's worst abuses against science, the Sense About Science (SAS) campaign group debunked diet and exercise suggestions made by actors, pop stars and others in the public eye in an effort "to help the celebrities realize where they are going wrong and to help the public make sense of celebrity claims."
In the health and fitness section, SAS noted that soccer player David Beckham and Prince William's fiancee Kate Middleton have both been spotted wearing hologram-embedded silicone bracelets which makers claim can improve energy and fitness. It also listed a diet reportedly used by supermodel Naomi Campbell and actors Ashton Kutcher and Demi Moore in which followers survive on maple syrup, lemon and pepper alone for up to two weeks. Campbell told U.S. TV host Oprah Winfrey in an interview in May: "It's good to clean out your body once in a while." But SAS said in a statement: "Many of these claims promote theories, therapies and campaigns that make no scientific sense."
Pop star Sarah Harding told Now magazine in April that she crumbles charcoal over her food, saying: "It's doesn't taste of anything and apparently absorbs all the bad damaging stuff in the body."
Dr John Elmsley, a chemical scientist and writer asked by SAS to comment on this idea, said charcoal is known to absorb toxic molecules when used in gas masks and sewage treatment, but is "unnecessary when it comes to diet because the body is already quite capable of removing any 'bad damaging stuff'." One of the highlights for SAS was a tip from cage fighter Alex Reid, who told The Sun tabloid newspaper in April that he "reabsorbs" his sperm to prepare for a big fight.
"It's actually very good for a man to have unprotected sex as long as he doesn't ejaculate. Because I believe that all that semen has a lot of nutrition. A tablespoon of semen has your equivalent of steak, eggs, lemons and oranges. I am reabsorbing it into my body and it makes me go raaaaahh," he said. John Aplin, a reproductive research scientist at the University of Manchester, said sperm cannot be reabsorbed once they have formed in the testes. "In fact sperm die after a few days, and the nutritional content of the ejaculate is really rather small," he said in a comment on the SAS list. To try and counter the effects of some of the wildest health and fitness tips, SAS published its own "easy-to-remember pointers for celebrity commentators":-

* Nothing is chemical-free: everything is made of chemicals, it's just a case of which ones
* Detox is a marketing myth: our body does it without pricey potions and detox diets
* There's no need to boost: bodily functions occur without boosting
* Energy and fitness come from...food and exercise: there are no shortcuts

DA.VA, and Veteran News

Support HR 333 - the Disabled Veterans Tax Termination Act

HR 333 - The Disabled Veterans Tax Termination Act Take Action!

480,000 Disabled Military Retirees Continue to be Without Benefit

Please send the following editable message to your Representative --

I strongly urge you to cosponsor HR 333, the Disabled Veterans Tax Termination Act, introduced by Rep. Sanford Bishop, and strive to have this legislation passed into law.

HR 333 would correct several wrongs enacted with the original concurrent receipt legislation in 2004.

First, HR 333 would enable those 480,000 retired members of the Armed Forces with disability ratings less than 50% to draw their military retirement pay under CRDP (Concurrent Retirement Disability Pay, 10 US Code Section 1414) without offset by VA disability compensation awarded for service connected disability. If the disability was combat-related, these retirees were enfranchised for CRSC (Combat Related Special Compensation, 10 USC Section 1413a) with the 2008 NDAA.

Second, HR 333 would enable those 200,000 members (already contained within the 480,000 just discussed) of the Armed Forces retired for medical disability with less than 20 years service under 10 US Code, Chapter 61, to draw both their VA disability and their military retirement pay under CRDP. If the disability were combat-related, these retirees were enfranchised for CRSC with the 2008 NDAA.

Third, HR 333 would eliminate the 10-year phase-in of CRDP which is currently in the 6th year and is 88% restored. In 2010, restoration will be 95% complete. Distributing the remaining 5% over the next 4 years is not cost effective, because the cost of processing the payments exceeds the cost of the CRDP payments. In the last year of the phase-in, the average increment will be less than $1 per month.

Fourth, HR 333 would cause the Department of Defense (DoD) to compute CRSC pay for Chapter 61 retirees as originally intended Congress. Basically, HR 333 would eliminate the "donut hole" into which some combat related retirees fall which awards them ZERO compensation.

Please actively support HR 333 and urge your colleagues to do the same.


Thanks to Danny Horn for the following story. BB This Nativity Scene was erected in a church yard. During the night the folks came across this scene.

An abandoned dog was looking for a comfortable, protected place to sleep. He chose baby Jesus as his comfort. No one had the heart to send him away so he was there all night. We should all have the good sense of this dog and curl up in Jesus' lap from time to time.


Comfort in Christ Christ is shepherd over you, Enfolding you on every side. Christ will not forsake you, hand or foot, Nor let evil come near you. Amen

Thats all the news for this week. Check back next Saturday. Thanks, Ole' Bill

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