July 2012


6Jul17: 1st Expeditionary Division re-designated 1st Division.WW-I
9Jul66: Battle of Minh Thanh Road. 1/4th Cav Cited. RVN
12Jul65: 2nd Brigade troops land at Cam Ranh Bay. RVN
17Jul65: 2/28th Inf makes first contact with VC. 1st US Soldier KIA. RVN
20Jul43: 1st Recon Troop Unit Day. WW-II
21Jul67: Operation Paul Bunyon begins. Entire 1/4th Cav Involved. RVN
26Jul03: BRO Kosovo mission Complete.


The Battle of MINH THANH ROAD, 9 July 1966

As related in The American Traveler by MG W.E. DePuy

LT John R. Lyons, 1st PLT LDR, C Trp, 4th CAV works on ledger while waiting for word to move out.

The Battle of Minh Thanh Road was one of five major actions in which the Big Red One engaged and soundly defeated all three main force regiments of the 9th VC Division during Operation EL PASO II in June and July 1966. For the first time in the Vietnam War, three carefully laid regimental-size enemy ambushes against road columns were turning into crushing VC defeats. The last and most violent battle, as well as the greatest VC defeat at that time, was on the road from An Loc to Minh Thanh in Binh Long Province, 70 miles north of Saigon. The enemy force was the battle-tested 272d Main Force Regiment, the elite regiment of the 9th VC Division. The concept of the operation was inspired by two considerations,. First, the 272d Regt had been badly punished by the 1st Squadron, 4th Cavalry, on National Highway 13 in early June, and it is the nature of this regiment to seek revenge. Secondly, intelligence sources had identified the 272d Regt as being active to the west of Hwy 13 in north central Binh Duong Province and north of the Minh Thanh Road. Additionally, the unit had received 800 replacements from North Vietnam after its 8 June defeat. COL Sidney B. Berry Jr., then 1st Brigade Commander, was given the mission in early June of developing a plan to draw the 272d Reft into battle. COL Berry's order for Operation Olympia/ElPaso II was issued 6 July. The mission was to use deception to position forces and conduct reconnaissance in force to bring major enemy forces into battle along Minh Thanh Road, enabling the brigade to destroy them by offensive action. The concept provided for rapid reaction by air, artillery and infantry against attacking VC forces, while the Calvary stood off the initial assault. Extensive reconnaissance and war-gaming took place in order to determin which ambush sites would be most likely and what would be the appropriate reaction to each one. The main consideration here was the availability of suitable landing zones for rapid reinforcement of the column after initiation of contact and moves to cut off routes of withdrawal. The analysis of likely enemy ambush sites revealed several possibilities along Route Knife. The most dangerous site, and therefore the most likely one, lay on the north side of Knife between Check Points Tom and Dick. In order to improve the odds that the 272d Regt would, in fact, strike along Route Knife, it was decided to leak information that a small armored cavalry column was going to travel the route to and from Minh Thanh for the purpose of retrieving bulldozers and trucks, which had been improving the airstrip there. Next, it was decided to add a deception plan to the operation, which would cover and explain the deployment of artillery to Artillery Base I. The deception plan, which would become Phase I of the operation, involved an airmobile feint into a landing zone near Sroc Con Trang, north of Artillery Base I. on 8 July. On 30 June the Big Red One had captured a VC Plan to attack and annihilate a US Battalion on this LZ. Thirty minutes after the feint in which 30 choppers would actually touch down following a normal TAC air and artillery preparation, a B-52 strike would hit the areas of which we suspected the presence of the 273d Regiment of the 9th VC Division. Enemy casualties from this stike were to be regarded as a bonus effect of the deception. Phase II would commence 9 July with Task Force DRAGOON, commanded by LTC Leonard L. Lewane, conducting a reconnaissance in force from An Loc along Route Knife to Minh Thanh. Forces in the task force included B and C Troops, 1st Sqdn, 4th Cav, and B Company, 1st Battalion, 2d Infantry (LTC Richard L. Prillaman, Bn CO). In the event that the enemy chaose to ambush the column on either the initial or return trip, forces of the 1st Bde would be positioned to respond immediately as required. Commitment of initial battalions would be against the immediate enemy flanks. Remaining would be committed to the battle area as needed. Landing Zones and blocking positions were choosen astride likely enemy routes of withdrawal. They would be occupied on order. The 1st Bde began positioning reaction and supporting forces 7 July. Headquarters, B and D Batteries, 8th Battalion, 6th Artillery, and A Battery, 1st Battalion, 5th Artillery, moved to Artillery Base 1. The 2d Battalion, 2d Infantry, Commanded by LTC Jack L. Conn, commenced and airlift infiltration movement to Minh Thanh. On 8 July it joined the 1st Battalion, 18th Infantry, commanded by MAJ John C. Bard; and C Battery, 33d Artillery, which had been in the area for over a week. Later on that day Headquarters Battery, 5th Artillery; and C Battery, 1st Battalion, 7th Artillery, moved to Artillery Base II. Security for the artillery at Base II was provided by C Company, 2d BN, 2d Inf, and a Army of the Republic of Vietnam (ARVN) APC Troop. When he had completed the simulated air landing called for in Phase I. LTC Robert Haldane moved his 1st Battalion, 28th Infantry, into position around an abandoned airstrip near Artillery Base I. The 1st Battalion, 16th Infantry, commanded by LTC Rufus C. Lazzell, was moved from Lai Khe to Quan Loi by air and came under operational control of the 1st Bde. Radio Hanoi had described the Armored columns of the Big Red One as being like "walls of steel that even ants cannot penetrate". The battle of 9 July lends weight to that observation. At 0900 hours, following a two-hour wait for the overcast and ground fog to clear, Task Force DRAGOON began it's march along Route Knife. C Trp, 4th Cav, commanded by CPT Steven Slattery, led the column, followed by CPT David Kelly's B Trp. The soldiers of B Co, 1st Bn, 2d Inf, were mounted on C Trp's APC's. Initially, C Trp marched with two platoons flanking the road, followed by the Command Group and the 3d Platoon. But as the force approached the suspected ambush site, the thick underbrush and jungle growth forced all elements back on the road. As the column moved along, it was preceded by artillery barrages some 300 meters to it's front and flanks. Armed helicopters also provided reconnaissance by fire in the forward and flank areas. Observation helicopters made repeated low-level passes with negative results. As the column neared the bridge at Check Point Dick, engineer mine detector teams examined the area and found the bridge to be mined. The teams cleared the bridge and LTC Lewane moved the column on. The Big Red One troops did not have long to wait for action. At 1050 hours a forward air Controller (FAC) spotted 10 VC crossing the road from north to south, 750 meters ahead of the armor. At 1110 hours Lieutenant John Lyons, who was leading the column with his 1st Platoon, saw 5 more VC crossing in the same direction. Moments later, he reported 10 more of the enemy and had them taken under fire from his lead tank. The battle had begun (See Diagram 1)

diagram one

Within minutes, the fight was raging at close quarters along the entire 1,200 meters of the column as the VC moved three battalions abreast into the assualt. They employed 75mm recoilless rifle and RPG-2 anti-tank fire against the armored vehicles, while riflemen attempted to swarm over the column. In the early minutes it was difficult to tell whether the main effort was on the north or south side of the road. Some time went by before the commanders on the ground could locate the main direction of attack on the north side. The fire support plan designated the Minh Thanh Road as the fire coordination line (FCL) between the artillery and tatical air support - the artillery on the north side; the fighter bombers on the south. Extremely heavy concentrations of 8-inch, 105mm and 155mm artillery fire were immediately called in on the attacking forces on the north side of the road. The FAC's responded with 96 sorties, initially hitting targets on the south side of the road but later shifting to the north. It was later estimated that more than half of the enemy casualties were caused by air and artillery strikes, although the cavalry inflicted a heavy toll along the road itself. As the battle began to take shape, COL Berry alerted Major Bard to move his 1st Bn, 18th Inf, to position N9 on order (See Diagram 2).

diagram 2

He also sent LTC Conn's 2d Bn, 2d Inf, in motion toward the northeast. The 1/18 Inf began it's movement by foot from positon S5 to N9 at 1117 hours with a blocking mission. This mission was later modified when the battalion found the going to slow in the jungle. It's new mission found the unit moving along the north side of the road to relieve pressure on the cavalry and to hit the VC on the west flank. The 1st Battalion, 28th Infantry, received it's orders at 1130 hours to move to landing zone ND by helicopter, then to attack to the southwest on the north side of the road. The battalion would hit the enemy's flank. The 1st Bn, 28th Inf, commenced movement at 1210 hours and closed at 1230 hours. It was placed under OPCON of LTC Lewane of the 4th Cav on landing. LTC Berry also alerted the 1st Bn, 16th Inf, for movement, and at 1336 hours it was ordered to commence a heliborne assault on landing zone NC and to be prepared to move to N5 or N6 on order. The battalion closed at 1430 hours and was immediately dispatched to N5 with orders to orgainize a blockign position. It was slowed in its movement by the dense jungle and did not close its positon until late afternoon, thus some of the enemy were able to escape to the northwest. During a fight against a VC rear guard in a fortified position, LTC Lazzell was wounded by a .50 caliber round. LTC Berry assumed tempoary command until a replacement, LTC George M. Wallace III, could be flown to the area. At 1200 hours the commander of the 8/6 Arty, LTC John R. McGiffert, flying in a light observation Helicopter, directed 8-inch howitzer fire on a VC anti-aircraft position and destroyed it. LTC Berry brought the 2d Bn, 2d Inf, into landing zone NC blocking position at the LZ upon clearing at 1755 hours. While the blocking positions were being established and the maneuver battalions were being brought into the battle, the 4th Cav had double-banked B and C Trps along the road, where they were involved in an intense fight with the VC on both sides of the road. The enemy used mortars, recoilless rifle and numerous automatic weapoons in an attempt to overrun the column and managed temporarily to swarm two APC's. Two other carriers were destroyed by direct mortar hits on the engine compartments.

CLOSE QUARTERS. 1st Plt, C Trp, 4th Cav comes under heavy fire and deploys. The fight raged at close quarters along the entire 1,200 meters of the column.

The 90mm cannister ammo fired by the tanks, together with the .50 caliber and M-60 machineguns, small arms, M-79 grenade launchers and hand grenades employed by the cavalry and the infantry, supported by 2,200 rounds of artillery and the tactical airstrikes, proved to much for the VC. The enemy started to break contact about 1330 hours. Prisoners later stated that several units broke and ran. Meanwhile LTC Lewane had committed the 1/28 Inf against the east flank of the ambush site. The covering force of the enemy broke contact with the battalion at 1540 hours. The Big Red One troops then swept southwest along the north side of the road, mopping up as they moved. At the other end of the ambush site, the 1/18th Inf sliced into the worn flank of the VC and overran element of the covering force in heavy combat in trenchs and bunkers. The next morning a police of the battlefield disclosed small groups of fleeing enemy, abandoned trenches and bunkers and the following statistical count; 239 enemy killed in action; eight VC captured; 23 crew-served weapons and numerous small arms captured. The highlights of this victory are many. First, armor was used as a fixed force, while infantry battalions were used as the maneuver elements. The fixing force was too strong to overrun, thus forcing the enemy to fight a prolonged but unsuccessful battle, while maneuver elements hit his rear and flanks. Second, the plan was based on an accurate assessment of the enemy's intentions. Third, all commanders were prepared to respond to several courses of action as a result of the through wargaming which proceeded the battle. Fourth, the use of fire coordination lines along the road provided for simultaneous and continuous air and Artillery support. and Fifth, the inherent mobility of the infantry division, when provided sufficient lift capability, facilitated the rapid deployment of the maneuver and blocking elements. Of equal importance were the lessons learned for future application. In order to bring sufficiant firepower to bear on a numerically superior force at the ambush site, it is imperative that artillery and tactical air fire support be directed against the enemy's main force, immediately and continuously. The enemy's main direction of attack must be acertained early in order to permit the maneuver of blocking forces to the enemy's routes of withdrawal. In this battle, many of the enemy's committed forces infiltrated from the battle area before blocking forces fully closed the trap. In other engagements, the VC would fight for four to six hours. Possibly the most important lesson learned from this battle is that the use of armor in breaking an enemy ambush can be decisive. When led by tanks, a cavalry column can take the punishment and respond with adequate firepower during the critical early period until infantry battalions can be introduced by helicopter or foot movement to the battle area. The price the enemy paid was high; prisoner interrogations indicated that the 9th VC Div lost over 2,000 men in it's three ambushes and two other battles with the Big Red One in June and July 1966. Finally, it was not the excellance of the planning but the valor of the troopers of the 4th Cav and the Infantry soldiers that brought victory.


A ceromony was held on this past June 8 at Ft. Benning, GA honoring one of the 1/4th Cavalry's Heros. SP4 Avery Smith, A Troop, earned the Distinguished Service Cross for his actions on Jun 8, 1966 at the battle of AP Tau O, aka. Benchmark 69. SP4 Smith died defending his comrades and their vehicle from a superior force of Viet Cong and NVA who outnumbered the US contingency more that 10 to 1. Two A Troopers, Bob Corbin and Danny Slaughter were in attendance at the ceromony and both of them have sent us photos and and other items of historical value to share with all of you. Our Thanks and a Quarter Horse Cavalry Salute to the 5th Squadron, 15th Cavalry Regiment who are recipents not only of a beautiful new set of barracks but which are named for a young Cavalry Trooper who gave his all when his time came to stand out. Below are photos taken by Bob Corbin and Danny Slaughter.

Bill Baty. "I'm not sure where this photo came from but it shows the front area
at the bridge on Highway 13. This is where the battle of Ap Tau O began.

This is a view of Highway 13, present day taken in 2011 by Avery Smiths
brother when he visited Vietnam.

This is the site of the large trench (now a memorial) that was made to bury
all the Viet Cong and North Vietnamese soldiers that died that day.

This and the next several photos show areas where the battle was fought on Hwy 13.

More Ap Tau O Battle Ground.

This is the new Barracks building which belongs to the 5th Squadron, 15th
Cavalry Regiment that was dedicated in the memory of Avery Smith.

Dedication of Plaque Ceremony. Avery Smiths Brother and wife, Averys
Sister and her two Children

Avery Smith's Brother and Sister at Dedication.

Danny Slaughter Checks out the new barracks.

I think Danny was impressed with the new Barracks.

Avery Smith's Brother speaking at Avery's Dedication.

Bob Corbin was a part of the Dedication.

Avery Smith's Brother and Sister at Dedication.

Avery Smith Display Case inside of new Barracks Building.


1/4th Cavalry (Quarter Horse) ANNUAL MEETING AND AGENDA 2012 
Call Meeting to order Roll Call 
Notice of Annual Meeting posted June 30, 2012 
Invocation Memorial recognition of our Departed Comrades 
Reports by Board Members Minutes from 2011: 
Secretary Treasurer Reports: 
Reasearch Team Association Treasurer 
New Business Association 
Election Current Board Nominations for President, VP, Sec, Treas 
Proposals Reports by Committee Members Old Business Awards and Recognition 
Open Discussion Period 
Announcement of Results of the Vote (If Needed) 
Adjournment (Followed by PIZZA !!, ENOUGH FOR EVERYBODY!!) 
It sounds as if the Liquid refreshments with be on a "Pay as you go" provided by the Hotel.


(Note)Please read the following and if satisfied with these reports we can dispense with the reading of them and proceed with more important matters!BB


August 19, 2011 Buffalo, NY Meeting called to order: 5:15 pm by President John Conley. 
Fifteen members were present. Board Members not present: Vice-President Joe Birindelli, 
Secretary-Jorge Esquilin, Treasurer-Bill Baty. Board Members present: President-John
Conley Notice of this annual meeting was placed on the Association website on June 1, 
2011. John Conley gave the opening prayer after which we had a round the room 
introduction of everyone in attendance. John Conley gave a special recognition to 
Elke Kampfert, widow of Bill Kampfert, who has been a faithful attendee at our annual 
reunions. Members and guests were invited to continue to eat Association’ pizza during 
the meeting. Memorializations: After reading the Invocation, John Conley read the names 
of all the troopers of the 4th Cavalry units or 1st Infantry Division Armor units, or 
who had died the previous year or who the Association learned had previously passed 
away. There were 3 post-Vietnam deaths and 8 Active Duty deaths. A toast was made by
Terry Valentine in honor of the departed, followed by a reading of Fiddlers’ Green by 
John Conley. John Conley read the minutes of the 2010 annual meeting in San Antonio, 
Texas and the Treasurer’s Report. The Research Team Treasurer’s Report was presented 
by Terry Valentine. A motion was made to accept the Committee Reports, seconded, and 
unanimously approved. Old Business: A discussion was held as to the creation of a 
Quarterhorse in Vietnam Virtual Wall. The issue was tabled for further informal 
discussion. New Business: 
(a) John Conley reported on the BRO Executive Board Meeting. 
(b) Banquet seating problems previously noted are being worked on. 
(c) 1st Sgt (retired) Daniel Harper wrote “Life of a Soldier” and had his book for 
sale at the reunion. 
Election of Officers: The incumbents were nominated for President and Treasurer. 
Bob Corbin was nominated for the position of Vice President. Jorge Esquilin and Joe 
Dabney were nominated for the position of Secretary. A motion was made, seconded, 
and approved to close nominations. By secret ballot, the election was conducted 
and the following were elected: President: John Conley, Vice-President: 
Bob Corbin, Secretary: Joseph Dabney, Treasurer: Bill Baty. 
Awards and Decorations: 
None Open Discussion Period: None 
Motion to Adjourn: Approved 
Meeting Adjourned at 6:00 pm. 
Respectfully Submitted: Joseph Dabney, Secretary

QUARTERHORSE BOOK SALES Just for you information, Duke Snyder will have a few copies of his CD-Book "They Counted the Days" available at the Reunion. Come early, get them fast, cause they won't last. BB


1/4th Cavalry Association of Veterans TREASURER REPORT FY 2011/12

Again, If everyone is satisfied with these reports we can dispense with the reading of them and proceed with more important matters!BB) Beginning Balance as of 1 July 2011: $11,599.12 INCOME $ 862.58 EXPENSES TREASURY SUPPLIES: $ 81.63 BENEVOLENCE FUND: $ 100.00 BANK MONTHLY DEBITS: $ 120.00 HISTORICAL FUND (65-68) $ 0.00 TOTAL EXPENSES: $ 309.63 Balance as of 30 June 2011: $12,152.07 Comments: None Respectfully Submitted, Bill Baty Sr., Treasurer


Please let me know by email or phone call that you are attending. Thanks, Bill Baty.

Watch for a Possible surpraise Guest!


Tom Witter George Sheppard Jorge Esquilan A TRP-1/4TH

Bill Baty - Treasurer Bob Corbin - Vice President and wife Dan Thompson Jim Lerdahl James Walls Duke Snyder Lane Losse Jerry Friday Terry Empry Johnny Kenny Ron Thompson Dan Thompson Sie Moore B TRP-1/4TH

James Keech C TRP-1/4TH

Charles Brigance Alan Benoit Ron Brauer Willy Seibert Dan Baker Charles Murowski D TRP-1/4TH (includes C/16th)

Jim Smith


Here are several photos that Jim Wileman shared on Alan Benoit's site on Facebook. These were taken during a B Troop mission at Caisson V near Chan Thanh during an S&D mission while providing NDP for a 105 unit in the Oct/NOV 67 timeframe. BB



SSG Medina, A Troop receives CAB from COL Wawro.


1st Plt, C Troop, 1-4th Cav on patrol in Afhgan.


2LT Duke, A Troop, chats with Afghan Children.


3rd Platoon, B Troop, enters a police checkpoint during a Patrol.


A Troop - NCO's at a mission brief.



CPT Evans, C Troop, briefs his plan.


MAJ Siebold, 1/4th Cav, grabs a few winks.


LTC Cody and CSM McDwell in the pass.


LTC Cody, CPT Fox, and CPT Plummer.


SFC Lindler briefing the ACP.


SFC Lindler, SSG Quiroz, LTC Cody and CSM McDwell.


SFC Strange, A Troop, on Dismounted Patrol.


SGT Guiler, D-Company, practicing with mine Detector.


SGT Heather, A Troop, on dismounted patrol.


SGT Hoover, B Troop, pulling security.


SSG Hespe, B Troop, on the radio.


SSG Medina, A Trp, Conduct a pre-combat Inspection.

Gentlemen, I pray for these Troopers everyday. I feel I owe it to all of them. I hope that all of you can look at these warriors and feel the need to say a prayer for them every day. You want to know something else? Those of you who were in 2nd Platoon, A Troop 1965 and 66, take a look at this young Sergeant named "Medina". If that don't make the hair stand up on the back of your neck....nothing will. History repeats itself! BB


Bill, George Shepherd. I was the Med OPS officer froM Dec 67 till June 68 Got promoted to CPT and off I went. The Med BN would not let me stay, Ass Holes!, Now What I need. One night in mid to late May 68, Pho Loi was hit by a rocket attact. Most of the Sqdn was in. A rocket hit A Troop barracks. I started out of the Medic bunker and a rocket hit outside. The blast sent me back in quicker than I came out. Lucky no schrapel however I did get knocked out and have a back that has all vertibra (cant spell for S__t!)have some injuries. I Had back surgery in 1974 and that is all thay could do. Just pain pills and pain clinics.What I need is 2 people that remember that night and that I got a BLAST out of it and lost consious. No I did not fill out a FMT for myself. Tough man HA HA) WE can do some stupid things when we are young Guess. I am still young . still do stupid things. I know it is hard to tell if I'm with it or not. Maybe someone can email me a letter or if I'm lucky, someone at the reunion will remember the incident. Any help is appreciated!! See you all n Memphis. Dragoon 16 Fox out!



Submitted by Terry Valentine.

On 12 July we lost one of our Brothers.


Passed on 12 July. He was a SSG in A Troop in 1969.
Funeral Services will be held at the Adams Funeral Home, 34490 US 95 S. in Buna, TX 77612 at 2:00 PM on the 27th of July.

**************>p> Vietnam Opens Sites to Joint POW/MIA Investigators By Jim Garamone American Forces Press Service HANOI, Vietnam, June 4, 2012 - The Vietnamese government will open three areas to help resolve the fate of Americans missing in action from the Vietnam War, DOD officials said here today. Following a meeting at the Defense Ministry, Vietnamese Defense Minister Phoung Quang Thanh announced his government would allow American personnel to examine three areas once off limits. Defense Secretary Leon E. Panetta thanked the Vietnamese leader for all the support Vietnam has provided over the years. The Joint POW/MIA Accounting Command's Detachment 2 based in Hanoi has conducted 107 field searches for Americans missing in Vietnam. The Vietnamese government has fully supported these efforts with personnel and information, said Ron Ward, a casualty resolution specialist with the detachment. The three sites Vietnam opened to exploration are in the central part of the country. The first site is in Quang Binh province and involves the crash of an Air Force F-4C Phantom II jet in 1967 with two personnel aboard. Detachment specialists located the site in 2008, but now they will be allowed to examine it, Ward said. The second site is in Kontum province and involves the loss of an Army private first class in January 1968 during the Tet Offensive. The third site is in Quang Tri province and involves the loss of a Marine F-4J Wild Weasel aircraft. One of the crew of two punched out of the aircraft and was rescued. Panetta said these efforts are important to troops serving today, because they know the military means that it will leave no man behind. To date, the command has repatriated and identified 687 remains in Vietnam. A total of 1,284 Americans remain missing. Of these, 586 cases are in the category of "no further pursuit" -- meaning there is conclusive evidence the individual perished but it not possible to recover remains.

I am looking for anyone that served with my father, Clarence H. Cochran, D ¼ Cav (?June 1965 - ?). He passed away in 1978 when I was 13, and I just would like to speak with someone who knew him from that part of his life. I went on to join the Army National Guard, where I was an Engineer and an Aviator flying Hueys (H-Models). If you can point me in the right direction, I would very much appreciate it. Thanks much. Stacy L. Cochran

Army Cpl. Robert I. Wax of Detroit will be buried June 20 at Arlington National Cemetery. In August 1950, Wax and Battery A, 555th Field Artillery Battalion, were fighting against North Korean forces in a battle known as the "Bloody Gulch," near Pongam-ni, South Korea. After the battle, on Aug. 11, 1950, Wax was listed as missing in action. In late 1950, U.S. Army Graves Registration Service personnel recovered remains of service members from that battlefield, including nine men who were unidentified. These men were buried at the 25th Infantry Division Cemetery in South Korea. In 1951, the U.S. consolidated cemeteries on the peninsula. The unknown remains were re-interred in the National Memorial Cemetery of the Pacific. In 2011, due to advances in identification technology, the remains were exhumed for identification. Based on available evidence such as metal identification tags, military clothing, and wartime records, analysts from the Joint POW/MIA Accounting Command (JPAC) were able to conclude that the remains were those of a soldier who died at Pongam-ni. Scientists from JPAC used the circumstantial evidence and forensic identification tools including radiograph and dental comparisons in the identification of Wax.

In March 1966, 1st platoon, Bravo Company, 1st Battalion, 7th Marines, was engaged in a firefight near Quang Ngai during Operation Indiana. Following the battle, Robert "Ira" Frazure of Walla Walla Washington saw a small red diary on the chest of Vu Ðình Ðoàn, a Vietnamese soldier who was found killed in a machine gun pit. Frazure took the diary and brought it back to the United States. In November 1966, Frazure was discharged from the Marine Corps following three years of service. Also in March 1966, a friend of Frazure, Gary E. Scooter was killed in action during Operation Utah. Decades later, Frazure was introduced to Scooter's sister Marge who was conducting research for a book about Scooter's life and service in the Marine Corps. Frazure asked Marge for her help to return the diary to the family of Vu Ðình Ðoàn. In February 2012, Marge Scooter brought the diary to the PBS television program History Detectives to research and find the Vu Ðình Ðoàn family. Last month, after finding the family, History Detectives asked the Department of State and the Department of Defense to help return the diary to the Vietnamese government so it can be returned to the Vu Ðình Ðoàn family.

Vu Ðình Ðoàn Diary In March 1969, U.S. Army Sergeant Steve Flaherty of Columbia, South Carolina was killed in action in northern South Vietnam while assigned to the 101st Airborne Division. Vietnamese forces took Flaherty's letters and used excerpts for propaganda broadcasts during the war. At that time, Vietnamese Senior Colonel Nguyen Phu Dat retained the letters and following the war, contemplated how to return them to Flaherty's family. Decades later, Phu Dat referenced the letters in an August 2011 Vietnamese online publication about documents kept from the war years. In early 2012, Robert Destatte, a retired Department of Defense POW/Missing Personnel Office employee, found the online publication referencing the letters and brought the issue to the attention of the Department of Defense. The Department of State and the Department of Defense began work with the Vietnam Office for Seeking Missing Persons (VNOSMP) to assist in returning the letters to the Flaherty family. Now that Secretary Panetta has received the letters from the Vietnamese government, the Office of the Secretary of Defense will work with the United States Army Casualty office to present the letters to the surviving family.

POW/MIA Team Investigates Alaska Air Crash Site American
Forces Press Service WASHINGTON, June 20, 2012 - An investigative team from the U.S. Joint POW/MIA Accounting Command arrived in Alaska yesterday to investigate an apparent aircraft crash site in the state's Knik Glacier area, according to a JPAC news release issued today. On June 10 an Alaskan Army National Guard UH-60 Black Hawk helicopter crew discovered what appeared to be an aircraft crash site while conducting a routine training mission, the release said. Following additional search and rescue missions by Joint Task Force-Alaska and the Alaska National Guard at the suspected crash site, JPAC forward-deployed a five-person team to further survey and assess the site and develop recommendations for potential recovery operations in the future, according to the release. With full knowledge and cooperation of local military units and governmental agencies in Alaska, the team will investigate the site for about three days, searching for any evidence that may positively correlate the aircraft wreckage to a known incident, the release said. Falling directly under the U.S. Pacific Command and employing more than 500 joint military and civilian personnel, JPAC, based at Joint Base Pearl Harbor-Hickam, Hawaii, continues its search for the more than 83,000 Americans still missing from past conflicts. The ultimate goal of JPAC, and of the agencies involved in returning America's heroes home, is to conduct global search, recovery, and laboratory operations in order to support the Department of Defense's personnel accounting efforts.

The Department of Defense POW/Missing Personnel Office (DPMO) announced today that the remains of two servicemen, missing in action from the Vietnam War, have been identified and are being returned to their families for burial with full military honors. Air Force LTC Charles M. Walling of Phoenix will be buried June 15 at Arlington National Cemetery. There will be a group burial honoring Walling and fellow crew member, Maj. Aado Kommendant of Lakewood, N.J., at Arlington National Cemetery, on Aug. 8 -- the 46th anniversary of the crash that took their lives. On Aug. 8, 1966, Walling and Kommendant were flying an F-4C aircraft that crashed while on a close air support mission over Song Be Province, Vietnam. Other Americans in the area reported seeing the aircraft crash and no parachutes were deployed. Search and rescue efforts were not successful in the days following the crash. In 1992, a joint United States-Socialist Republic of Vietnam (S.R.V.) team investigated the crash site and interviewed a local Vietnamese citizen who had recovered aircraft pieces from the site. In 1994, a joint U.S.-S.R.V. team excavated the site and recovered a metal identification tag, bearing Wallings name, and other military equipment. In 2010, the site was excavated again. Human remains and additional evidence were recovered. Scientists from the Joint POW/MIA Accounting Command and the Armed Forces DNA Identification Laboratory used circumstantial and material evidence, along with forensic identification tools including mitochondrial DNA which matched Wallings living sister in the identification of the remains.

The Department of Defense POW/Missing Personnel Office (DPMO) announced today that the remains of a serviceman, missing in action from the Vietnam War, have been identified and will be returned to his family for burial with full military honors. Air Force CPT Clyde W. Campbell of Longview, Texas, will be buried June 21 at Arlington National Cemetery. On March 1, 1969, Campbell was a pilot aboard an A-1J Skyraider aircraft that crashed while carrying out a close air-support mission in Houaphan Province, Laos. American forward air controllers directing the mission in the area reported hearing an explosion that they believed to be Campbell's bombs, but later learned Campbell's aircraft had crashed. No parachutes were seen in the area. In 1997, a joint United States - Lao People's Democratic Republic (L.P.D.R.) team investigated a crash site in Houaphan Province, Laos, within 330 feet of the last known location of Campbell. In addition to human remains, the team located aircraft wreckage and military equipment, which correlated with Campbell's aircraft. From 2009 to 2010, additional joint U.S.-L.P.D.R. recovery teams investigated and excavated the crash site three times. Teams recovered additional human remains, military equipment, including an aircraft data plate and a .38-caliber pistol matching the serial number issued to Campbell. Scientists from the JPAC used circumstantial evidence and forensic identification tools in the identification of Campbell.


TROOPER DATA CHANGES scashion@charter.net wrote: I have got a new email, after monday May the 28th I will not have charter. my new email will be scashion62@att.net ******************** Ron Brauer has a new e-mail: tagueron68@bellsouth.net



Bill, Here is the note I sent to Dan Thompson regarding Tom Reed. Tom answered my D/2/16 Reunion ad from the DAV magazine because it was the closest he had ever come to ID'ing someone from his unit. He was in C Troop 1/4 Cav in 1966-67. He is in the backwoods of WV, a couple of miles from his closest neighbor, a mile and one half from a paved road. He seem like a likeable fellow and I told him that Dan Thompson would call him. I asked Dan to contact him or let me know if he would not. I took the non-answer as an affirmative. I'm lucky I still had this e-mail with the number because I regularly delete my files and I had thrown away the paper note I had. If you would contact him, I would appreciate it and I'm sure that Tom would be thrilled.
He is not PC literate although he said his wife is online. I did give him the 1st Div web address.
Don Dignan


One Soldier Killed, Two Wounded in Fort Bragg Shooting 06/28/2012 06:40 PM CDT One Soldier Killed, Two Wounded in Fort Bragg Shooting Fort Bragg Public Affairs FORT BRAGG, N.C., June 28, 2012 - A soldier is dead and two others are wounded following a shooting incident here today. During a 525th Battlefield Surveillance Brigade unit safety briefing, a soldier shot another member of the unit and then turned the weapon on himself. The shooter was injured and is in custody. A third soldier who was in the area was also slightly wounded in the shooting. "This is a tragedy for our community. We don't yet know the reasons for the shooting, but are working with the unit and the affected Families to help them through this difficult period," said Col. Kevin Arata, 18th Airborne Corps and Fort Bragg Public Affairs Officer. "Our prayers are with those who have been affected by this terrible incident," Arata said. Fort Bragg law enforcement and emergency responders secured the scene within minutes. Special agents from the Army Criminal Investigation Command are conducting an investigation. Notification of the next of kin is underway. ************************************************************************* White House Confirms Death of Al-Qaida's Second-in-Command By Army Sgt. 1st Class Tyrone C. Marshall Jr. American Forces Press Service WASHINGTON, June 6, 2012 - The U.S. government has confirmed the death of Abu Yahya al-Libi, the second in command of al-Qaida, a senior White House spokesman said yesterday. "I can tell you that our intelligence community has intelligence that leads them to believe that al-Qaida's No. 2 leader, al-Libi, is dead," White House Press Secretary Jay Carney said. Carney didn't provide details on how or where al-Libi was killed but he said the deceased terrorist had "served as al-Qaida's general manager" overseeing the group's day-to-day operations in the tribal areas of Pakistan and managing regional outreach. "I can simply say that he was the No. 2 leader in al-Qaida, and this is the second time in less than a year that the No. 2 leader of al-Qaida has been removed from the battlefield," he said. Al-Libi was deputy to Ayman al-Zawahiri, who assumed leadership of the terrorist network after Osama bin Laden, the mastermind of the 9/11 attacks, was killed during an assault by U.S. Navy SEALs on a compound in Abbottabad, Pakistan in May of last year. "Al-Libi's death is part of the degradation that has been taking place to core al-Qaida during the past several years," Carney said. "This degradation has depleted the ranks to such an extent that there is now no clear successor to take on the breadth of his responsibilities." Carney noted the loss of al-Libi adds pressure to al-Zawahiri to effectively manage the group. "We believe al-Libi's death is a major blow to core al-Qaida, removing the No. 2 leader for the second time in less than a year and further damaging the group's morale and cohesion, and bringing it closer to its ultimate demise than ever before," he said. Carney added that al-Libi's death represents another serious blow to al-Qaida in the wake of the demise of bin Laden, in what is an ongoing effort to disrupt, dismantle and defeat a foe that brought terror and death to the United States on 9/11, and has perpetrated acts of terrorism against innocent civilians around the globe. ************************************************************************* United States, Republic of Korea and Japanese Naval Exercises Announced The United States, the Republic of Korea and Japan will conduct a two-day, trilateral naval exercise June 21 - 22 in the waters south of the Korean peninsula. The exercise will focus on improving interoperability and communications with the ROK Navy and the Japan Maritime Self Defense Force, which can facilitate cooperative disaster relief and maritime security activities in the future. The three navies will conduct this exercise beyond the territorial waters of any coastal nation. The United States will then conduct a routine carrier operation with the ROK Navy in the Yellow Sea immediately after the trilateral exercise June 23 - 25. The George Washington Carrier Strike Group will make a port call in Busan, South Korea, after completing the two exercises. ************************************************************************* DOD Leaders Strongly Urge Congress to Preserve 2012 Budget Request By Karen Parrish American Forces Press Service WASHINGTON, June 13, 2012 - Defense Secretary Leon E. Panetta cautioned Congress today against dismantling the strategic framework that supports the 2012 defense budget request. Testifying along with Army Gen. Martin E. Dempsey, chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff before the Senate Appropriations Subcommittee on Defense, the secretary said some changes to the request could undermine the careful balance department leaders built into military spending projections. "Some of the Congressional] committees have made changes with regard to our recommendations that we're concerned about," Panetta said. He listed three areas DOD leaders have targeted for cuts, and which some members of Congress have challenged during defense budget consideration. "Some of the bills seek to reverse the decisions to eliminate aging and lower-priority ships and aircraft," the secretary noted. "My concern is that if these decisions are totally reversed, thenI 've got to find money somewhere to maintain this old stuff." Keeping outdated equipment in service would rob needed funds from other areas, he said. That, he added, would lead to what he has long called a "hollow force" ? a military that is not trained, manned or equipped to meet current and future threats. "We've got to be able to retire what is aged and what we can achieve some savings on," Panetta said. Some in Congress have also objected to "the measured and gradual reductions in end strength that we've proposed for the Army and the Marine Corps," he added. Panetta noted under current plans, DOD will reduce the active Army from roughly 560,000 to 490,000, while the Marine Corps will downsize from 202,000 to 182,000 over five years. "Again, if I have a large force and I don't have the money to maintain that large force, I'm going to end up hollowing it out because I can't provide the training, I can't provide the equipment," the secretary said. "So that's why, if we're going to reduce the force, then I've got to be able to do it in a responsible way." The third spending area he discussed involves military compensation and health care. The budget request includes some additional fees for retiree health care, and limits active-duty pay raises after 2013. Panetta and Dempsey both emphasized that the department does not plan to cut pay, but that compensation cost growth must be controlled to meet budget constraints. "If I suddenly wind up with no reductions in that area, I've got to reach someplace to find the money to maintain those programs," the secretary said." Every low-priority program or overhead cost that is retained will have to be offset by cuts in higher-priority investments in order to comply with the Budget Control Act." Panetta noted that act, which mandated the defense spending cuts reflected in the 2012 request, also holds a more dire threat to military spending: sequestration. That provision will trigger another $500 billion across-the-board cut in defense spending over the next decade if Congress doesn't identify an equivalent level of spending cuts by January. "Obviously, this is a great concern," he said, calling sequestration a "meat axe approach." "It would guarantee that we hollow out our force and inflict severe damage on our national defense," the secretary asserted. Dempsey also spoke about the damage changes to defense spending plans could cause. The strategy-based budget request, the chairman said, "ensures we retain our conventional overmatch while divesting capabilities not required in the active force or at all." The spending plan reflects choices that maintain a needed balance among force structure, modernization, readiness, pay and benefits, he added. "Different choices will produce a different balance, " the chairman cautioned. "So before giving us weapons we don't need or giving up on reforms that we do need, I'd only ask you to make sure it's the right choice, not for our armed forces but for our nation. "Sequestration is absolutely certain to upend this balance," he continued. "It would lead to further end-strength reductions, the potential cancellation of major weapons systems and the disruption of global operations." Dempsey said slashing another half-trillion dollars from defense funding over the next 10 years under sequestration would transform U.S. forces "from being unquestionably powerful everywhere to being less visible globally and presenting less of an overmatch to our adversaries." That transformation would, in turn, change the nation's deterrent stance and potentially increase the likelihood of conflict, the chairman said. The general noted that because the law allows defense leaders to cut spending in only certain areas, only three broad areas would be available to service chiefs faced with sequestration: training, maintenance and modernization. "That's it. There's no magic in the budget at that point," Dempsey said. "And those three accounts will be subjected to all of the cuts mandated by sequestration." Panetta appealed to the senators to take action to avert a "potential disaster" by preserving the strategy based defense spending plan submitted in February. "I know the members of this committee are committed to working together to stop sequester, and I want you to know that we are prepared to work with you to try to do what is necessary to avoid that crisis," he said. ************************************************************************* DOD Identifies Units for Upcoming Afghanistan Rotation The Department of Defense today identified four units to deploy as part of the upcoming rotation of forces operating in Afghanistan. The scheduled rotation involves one brigade combat team with more than 3,000 personnel to rotate in late Spring 2012; one brigade combat team with more than 2,950 personnel and one combat aviation brigade with more than 2,580 to rotate in late Fall 2012; and one combat aviation brigade with more than 2,500 personnel to rotate in early Winter 2012. The deploying units include: 4th Brigade Combat Team, 1st Infantry Division, Fort Riley, Kan. (deploys in late Spring 2012). 3rd Brigade Combat Team, 101st Airborne Division (Air Assault), Fort Campbell, Ky. (deploys in late Fall 2012). 101st Airborne Division (Air Assault) Combat Aviation Brigade, Fort Campbell, Ky. (deploys in late Fall 2012). 3rd Infantry Division Combat Aviation Brigade, Fort Stewart, Ga. (deploys in early Winter 2012). ************************************************************************* 'Dagger Brigade' to Align with Africom in 2013 By C. Todd Lopez Army News Service WASHINGTON, June 22, 2012 - As part of an effort to regionally align Army forces with specific unified combatant commands, a Kansas-based brigade will begin serving in March as the go-to force for U.S. Africa Command, Army officials said yesterday. The Fort Riley, Kan. -based 2nd Brigade Combat Team, 1st Infantry Division, called the "Dagger Brigade," will be the main force provider for security cooperation and partnership-building missions in Africa, according to officials. The effort is a first step toward fulfilling national strategic and defense guidance that includes military services partnering with allies around the world to build capacity and security capability, officials said. The 'Dagger Brigade' is the first Army unit to be named in this way for alignment with a combatant command, officials said. The unit will be on deck for their mission for an entire year. The tasking will be to perform security cooperation, when needed, not operational or regular warfare missions, officials explained. Col. Andrew Dennis, the chief of the Army Security Cooperation Policy and Concepts Division here, said that drawdowns in the U.S. Central Command region are freeing up more forces to be regionally aligned with other combatant commands in the same way the "Dagger Brigade" will be aligned with Africom. For 10 years, he said, Centcom has been the main focus of Army forces, while organizing forces for the rest of the combatant commands has been a "relatively ad hoc" process. Now that forces are drawing down from Centcom, he said the Army can do a better job of having forces prepared for other combatant commands, to provide a "predictable supply" of forces to those commanders. Regional alignment will provide informed units, and "a more flexible sourcing function for the geographical COCOMs," Dennis said. "This is building on work that has already been done," Dennis said. "The U.S. Army has aligned forces regionally and built partnerships across the world for many, many years. And what we're working on now is the organization of the Army beyond the current conflict to provide the capability required and maintain an expeditionary mindset in the Army." Other units will be assigned to follow the "Dagger Brigade" when its year-long tasking is complete. It is expected that those assignments will follow the Army force generation model. "We're using the current, existing ... Army force generation process, which sees people doing two years build-up and training, and a year in the available period," Dennis said. There are six unified commands, including U.S. Africa Command, U.S. Central Command, U.S. Southern Command, U.S. Northern Command, U.S. European Command and U.S. Pacific Command. Only Eucom and Pacom have Army units currently assigned to and living in those areas of operation. However, all of those commands already have some form of Army unit "regionally aligned" with them in some capacity. Primarily, that means Army Special Operations Forces, or Army Reserve or Army National Guard units. ************************************************************************* Army Now Says No Ban on Rifle Magazines Jun 07, 2012
Military.com| by Matthew Cox The Pentagon has clarified the Army’s stance
on a recent safety message that effectively banned a certain high performance, commercial M4 magazine, which means soldiers can keep using their PMAGs. The confusion began when Army officials from the TACOM Life Cycle Management Command issued a message in April, declaring that the only government-issued aluminum magazines were authorized for use in the M4 and M16 rifles. TACOM officials released the message to address reports of Army units using “unauthorized” commercial, polymer magazines such as the popular PMAG, introduced by Magpul Industries Corp., in 2007. The decision left combat troops puzzled, since the PMAG has demonstrated its extreme reliability in combat and has an Army-approved national stock number, which allows units to order them through the Army supply system.
Army officials acknowledged June 6 that TACOM’s message was poorly written and not intended as a directive on the use of PMAGs. Matthew Bourke, an Army spokesman at the Pentagon responding to questions from Mililtary.com, said the message should have included guidance that the final decision rests with commanders in the field. “At best, themessage is incomplete; at worst the message allows soldiers to jump to the wrong conclusions,” Bourke said.
“Maintenance Information Messages [from TACOM] are permissive. They are not an order. They are not a directive. All content and direction in those messages are optional for the recipient.” It’s still unclear why TACOM issued the message at this time, but sources say it might have something to do with the $10.7 million contract TACOM Rock Island awarded to Brownells Inc. in 2009 to produce 1.4 million improved magazines by January 2010.
Program Executive Office Soldier set out to develop the improved magazine after the M4 finished last against three other carbines in a 2007 reliability test. The “dust test” revealed that 27 percent of the M4’s stoppages were magazine related. The improved magazine uses a redesigned “follower,” the part that sits on the magazine’s internal spring and feeds the rounds into the M4’s upper receiver. The new tan-colored follower features an extended rear leg and modified bullet protrusion for improved round stacking and orientation. The self-leveling/anti-tilt follow the reduces the risk of magazine-related stoppages by more than 50 percent compared to the older magazine variants, PEO Soldier officials maintain. In late May, Military.com asked PEO Soldier if weapons officials had tested to see how the improved magazine performs against the PMAG. The command responded through Army public affairs that weapons officials had conducted “limited side-by-side testing and found that no commercial magazine was superior to the improved magazine,” Bourke said. By contrast, PMAGs have developed a word-of-mouth reputation for being extremel reliable as well as durable. Special operations units such as Army’s 75th Ranger Regiment issue PMAGs as do many infantry units before war-zone deployments. Soldiers from B Troop, 3rd Squadron, 61st Cavalry Regiment, had been issued PMAGs before deploying to Afghanistan in 2009. On Oct. 3 of that year, they fought off a bold enemy attack on Combat Outpost Keating that lasted for more than six hours and left eight Americans dead. Some soldiers fired up to 40 PMAGs from their M4s without a single stoppage. Army officials maintain that TACOM’s message was intended to make soldiers aware that not all commercial magazines have gone through the same testing as the improved magazine, but concede that there are exceptions. “The main message we want to get out is – although the Army does support and is confident in the improved, tan-follower magazine – we don’t want soldiers to fear punishment for using PMAGs,” Bourke said.


How about a small piece of good news to get us started?! BB.

The House of Representatives passed the Veterans' Compensation Cost-of-Living Adjustment Act of 2012 (H.R. 4114). Although this is seen by many as a formality, passing the COLA is often pushed to the end of the year. According to House Committee on Veterans' Affairs press release, taking care of this now ensures that Vets will be given the benefits they were promised without any last minute "political tug-of-war." If signed into law, H.R. 4114 would increase the annual cost-of-living rate for veterans, which goes into effect on December 1, 2012. It is estimated that this year's COLA will be approximately 1.9 percent. The legislation now heads to the Senate for consideration.


Historian Describes 'Stonewall' Jackson's Rise to Prominence
By John Valceanu
American Forces Press Service
WASHINGTON, June 17, 2012 - A hundred and fifty years after Confederate Army Maj. Gen. Thomas J. "Stonewall" Jackson's Valley Campaign, a renowned Civil War historian spoke about it at the Pentagon, describing how a great success can boost a military leader's reputation to the point that it has a major impact on his future operations.
Robert K. Krick delivered a presentation June 15, titled "Stonewall Jackson's Rise to Prominence and the Shenandoah Valley Campaign," as part of a speaker series sponsored by the Historical Office within the Office of the Secretary of Defense. Krick spent four decades as a National Park Service historian and retired as the chief historian at the Fredericksburg and Spotsylvania National Military Park in Virginia. He is the author of 20 books and more than 200 articles on the American Civil War.
During the Valley Campaign, which lasted from late March until early June 1862, Jackson used speed and bold tactics that enabled him to successfully engage much more numerous Union forces and prevent them from reinforcing an offensive against the Confederate capital of Richmond, Va. Jackson drove his 17,000 men to march 646 miles in 48 days in Virginia's Shenandoah Valley, defeating Union Armies totaling more than 52,000 men in several battles.
The general's success in the Valley Campaign created an "unbelievable metamorphosis" in his public image, according to Krick. Though Jackson had earned his nickname of "Stonewall" for standing firm at the First Battle of Bull Run on July 21, 1861, Krick said that before the Valley Campaign he was known primarily for being "odd" and "eccentric." In fact, some of his subordinates held him in such low esteem in early 1862 that they jointly wrote a letter complaining about him to the secretary of war and the president himself.
At the beginning of the Valley Campaign, Jackson's soldiers were "decidedly uncertain" about his abilities, and some were actually scornful of him, Krick said. The historian described the general as a dour man who held a "generally stern worldview." He was partly deaf, very secretive and had almost no sense of humor. Before the war, he had been a relative failure as a professor of natural philosophy and instructor of artillery at the Virginia Military Institute. Students complained about him, asked for his removal and called him "Tom Fool."
Everything changed for Jackson in that spring of 1862. "By the time the Valley campaign was over, everyone recognized Jackson's genius," Krick said.
Jackson's success in the campaign was sorely needed good news for the Confederacy, Krick said, and it made the general one of the most famous and adored southern military leaders. His new status as a genius boosted the morale of southern troops, who thought he could help lead them to victory, and it demoralized Union forces, who had come to believe he was such a formidable opponent that it would be very difficult to defeat him. This attitude very likely helped Jackson in subsequent military engagements, according to the historian.
"People succeed far more often when they think they will succeed," Krick said. "And they fail far more often when they think they will fail."
The historian noted that Jackson was an old-fashioned, devotedly religious man. He believed in predestination and thought he was "God's instrument on earth" during the conflict. Even when failed terribly during the Seven Days Battles around Richmond from June 25 to July 1 1862, the general's faith in himself did not waver, and neither did Confederate soldiers' faith in his abilities as a commander.
"Jackson's greatest talent on the battlefield was that he had his jaw clenched more tightly than anyone else on either side," Krick said. "He stuck to it."
In an interview with the American Force Press Service conducted after the presentation, Krick reinforced the notion of Jackson's determination as his biggest asset.
"When things got chaotic and foggy and messy, he was more determined than anyone," Krick said. "That really was his number one characteristic."
Krick noted during the interview that Jackson is among the dozen or so most famous American military commanders of all time, despite lacking "that unbelievable capacity to determine what the enemy might to do and make the perfect counterpoint" that Frederick the Great and many other great commanders seemed to have.
"Jackson had very few resources in the valley. All he had was a small army and a lot of determination and will power, and he built that into something more than it was, which then gave him the opportunity on broader fields to do the same thing again," Krick said. "I imagine that's a universal ... human equation. Since the first people started slinging javelins at one another, determination and dedication have been an important feature."
During the interview, Krick said that those qualities would also serve today's battlefield commanders.
"It's hard to imagine there will ever be a human period of stress, turmoil and danger in which iron will, determination, dedication and willingness to stick to it do not succeed in some degree and then persuade the people who have to help you that you can succeed further," he said.
Jackson achieved the rank of lieutenant general in the Confederate Army. He died on May 10, 1863, eight days after being mistakenly shot by Confederate troops during the Battle of Chancellorsville.


I'm not sure if Alan rode his horse, motorcycle or truck to Ft. Riley, but I can't wait to see the throw rug. If it looks half as good as the one pictured, there's going to be punching,bitin and hair pulling to see who gets it. BB.

Alan Benoit 2:21am Jun 8
I just got Back from Ft Riley. I made it in time to Purchase one of the Throws.
In Addition The Men from the 1/4th chipped in and purchased a 2nd One. God Bless them. The 2nd One I will bring to Memphis hopefully will have it in Time. I will then Put it Up for Auction at the Quarterhorse CP (Day and Time to Be Betermined). Those who would Like to have it can Bid for it, All MONEY received for the Final Bid will be returned to Quarterhorse General Fund. A great Gesture by a Lot of Great men from the 1/4 Cav. I enjoyed meeting everyone (including the ones I stepped on walking thru the Halls.) Love you all and wish you all the Best. And to Justin and to Josh and to C Troop Captian for making the trip a wonderful experience. Thank You


Well, we're all still here so I guess the guns miss-fired or thier aim was so bad that no-one know they were being shot at. Good Show! BB.

U.S., South Korea, Japan to Conduct Naval Exercise
06/14/2012 09:27 AM CDT

U.S., South Korea, Japan to Conduct Naval Exercise
American Forces Press Service

WASHINGTON, June 14, 2012 - The United States, South Korea and Japan will conduct a two-day, trilateral naval exercise June 21-22 in the waters south of the Korean Peninsula, the Pentagon announced in a news release issued yesterday.
The exercise will focus on improving interoperability and communications with the South Korean navy and the Japan Maritime Self Defense Force, which can facilitate cooperative disaster relief and maritime security activities in the future, according to the release.
The three navies will conduct this exercise beyond the territorial waters of any coastal nation, the release said.
The United States will then conduct a routine carrier operation with the South Korean navy in the Yellow Sea immediately after the trilateral exercise June 23-25, according to the release.
The George Washington Carrier Strike Group will make a port call in Busan, South Korea, after completing the two exercises,
the release stated.

WARNING!! TROOPERS JOKES - Some of these may not be pleasant for the young or weak of heart.

A guy goes to the Post Office to apply for a job.
The interviewer asks him, "Are you allergic to anything?"
He replies, "Yes, caffeine. I can't drink coffee."
"OK, have you ever been in the military service?"
"Yes," he says, "I was in Iraq for one tour."
The interviewer says, "That will give you 5 extra points toward employment."
Then he asks, "Are you disabled in any way?"
The guy says, "Yes.. A bomb exploded near me and I lost both my testicles."
The interviewer grimaces and then says, "Okay.. You've got enough points for me to hire you right now. Our normal hours are from 8:00 am to 4:00 pm. You can start tomorrow at 10:00 am, and plan on starting at 10:00 am every day."
The guy is puzzled and asks, "If the work hours are from 8:00 am to 4:00 pm, why don't you want me here until 10:00 am?"
"This is a government job," the interviewer says. "For the first two hours, we just stand around
drinking coffee and scratching our balls. No point in you coming in for that."


You might want to practice this one a couple times. BB

THIS IS INCREDIBLE... Read all the Numbers....
Slowly and in Order!! 
Be Careful not to MISS  ANY 
1    2   3    4   5    6   7  8  9  10    
11  12  13  14  15  16  17   18   19    
20  21  22   23   24   25   26   27    
28   29  30 
It's so easy to amuse elderly people!


There's an old sea story about a ship's Captain who inspected his sailors, and afterward told the first mate that his men smelled bad...
The Captain suggested perhaps it would help if the sailors would change underwear occasionally.
The first mate responded, "Aye, aye sir, I'll see to it immediately!"
The first mate went straight to the sailors berth deck and announced, "The Captain thinks you guys smell bad and wants you to change your underwear." He continued, "Pittman, you change with Jones, McCarthy, you change with Witkowski, and Brown, you change with Schultz."

Someone may come along and promise "Change",

but don't count on things smelling any better


Two aliens landed in the Arizona desert near a gas station that was closed for the night.
They approached one of the gas pumps and the younger alien addressed it saying, "Greetings, Earthling. We come in peace. Take us to your leader."
The gas pump, of course, didn't respond.
The younger alien became angry at the lack of response.
The older alien said, "I'd calm down if I were you"
The younger alien ignored the warning and repeated his greeting.
Again, there was no response.
Pissed at the pump's haughty attitude, he drew his ray gun and said gruffly, "Greetings, Earthling. We come in peace. Take us to your leader or I will fire!"
The older alien again warned his comrade saying, "You probably don't want to do that! I really think that will make him mad."
”Rubbish,” replied the young alien. He aimed his weapon and opened fire.
There was a huge explosion. A massive fireball roared towards him and blew the younger
alien, off his feet and threw him in a burnt, smoking mess about 200 yards away into a cactus patch. Half an hour passed. When he finally regained consciousness, he refocused his three eyes,
straightened his bent antenna, and looked dazedly at the older, wiser alien who was standing
over him shaking his big, green head. "What a ferocious creature!" exclaimed the young, fried alien. "He damn near killed me! How did you
know he was so dangerous?" The older alien leaned over, placed a friendly feeler on his crispy friend and replied, "If there's
one thing I've learned during my intergalactic travels, you never mess with a guy who can loop his penis
over his shoulder twice and then stick it in his ear."


Hal was riding a bus, minding his own business, when the gorgeous woman next to him started to breastfeed her baby.
The baby wouldn't take it, so she said, "Come on, eat it all up or ... I'll have to give it to this nice man here."
Five minutes later, the baby was still not feeding, so she said, "Come on, honey. Take it or I'll give it to this nice man here."
A few minutes later, hal anxiously
blurted out, "Come on, kid. Make up your mind! I was supposed to get off four stops ago!"


An old, blind cowboy wanders into an all-girl biker bar by mistake.
He finds his way to a bar stool and orders some coffee.
After sitting there for a while, he yells to the waiter, 'Hey, you wanna hear a blonde joke?'
The bar immediately falls absolutely silent. In a very deep, husky voice, the woman next to him says,
'Before you tell that joke, Cowboy, I think it is only fair, given that you are blind, that you should know five things:
1. The bartender is a blonde girl with a baseball bat.
2. The bouncer is a blonde girl.
3. I'm a 6-foot tall, 175-pound blonde woman with a black belt in karate.
4. The woman sitting next to me is blonde and a professional weightlifter.
5. The lady to your right is blonde and a professional wrestler.
'Now, think about it seriously, Mister. Do you still wanna tell that joke?'
The blind cowboy thinks for a second, shakes his head, and mutters,
'No...not if I'm gonna have to explain it five times.'


Girlie Wisdom!
1.A friend of mine confused her Valium with her birth control pills... she has 14 kids but she doesn't really care.
2. One of life's mysteries is how a 2 pound box of chocolates can make a woman gain 5 lbs.
3. My mind not only wanders, it sometimes leaves completely.
4. The best way to forget your troubles is to wear tight shoes.
5. The nice part about living in a small town is that when you don't know what you are doing, someone else does.
6. The older you get, the tougher it is to lose weight because by then your body and your fat are really good friends.
7. Just when I was getting used to yesterday, along came today...
8. Sometimes I think I understand everything and then I regain consciousness.
9. I gave up jogging for my health when my thighs kept rubbing together and setting fire to my panties.
10. Amazing! You hang something in your closet for a while and it shrinks 2 sizes!
11. Skinny people irritate me! Especially when they say things like 'You know, sometimes I forget to eat!'
Now, I've forgotten my address, my mother's maiden name and my keys, but I have never forgotten to eat. You
have to be a special kind of stupid to forget to eat!
12. The trouble with some women is that they get all excited about nothing, and then they marry him.
13. I read this article that said the typical symptoms of stress are eating too much, impulse buying, and
driving too fast. Are they kidding? That's my idea of a perfect day!


What's in a Name?
The famous Olympic skier Picabo Street (pronounced Pee-Ka-Boo) is not just an athlete.
She is now a nurse currently working at an Intensive Care Unit ( I.C.U.) of a large
metropolitan hospital. She is not permitted to answer the hospital telephones any longer.
It caused too much confusion when she would answer the phone and say, Picabo, I.C.U.
A good clean joke is hard to find these days!


The Best Story of the Year
The pastor asked if anyone in the congregation would like to express praise for answered prayers.
Suzie Smith stood and walked to the podium.
She said, "I have a praise. Two months ago, my husband, Tom, had a terrible bicycle wreck and his
scrotum was completely crushed. The pain was excruciating and the doctors didn't know if they could help him."
You could hear a muffled gasp from the men in the congregation as they imagined the pain that poor Tom must
have experienced. "Tom was unable to hold me or the children," she went on, "and every move caused him terrible
pain. We prayed as the doctors performed a delicate operation, and it turned out they were able to piece together
the crushed remnants of Tom's scrotum, and wrap wire around it to hold it in place."
Again, the men in the congregation cringed and squirmed uncomfortably as they imagined the horrible surgery
performed on Tom. "Now," she announced in a quivering voice, "thank the Lord, Tom is out of the hospital and the
doctors say that with time, his scrotum should recover completely." All the men sighed with unified relief. The pastor
rose and tentatively asked if anyone else had something to say.
A man stood up and walked slowly to the podium. He said, "I'm Tom Smith." The entire congregation held its breath.
"I just want to tell my wife the word is sternum."


Many of my friends have told me that all they ever get from me is dirty jokes and pictures.
To change your minds, I wanted to send you this picture I took of a duck a few years ago.
I have been told it is pretty good as duck pictures go...
So I'm sending it to you knowing that most of you are sportsmen and will appreciate it...
(scroll down)



Customize Sticky Notes
(Works with Windows Vista and Windows 7)

Almost everyone knows what sticky notes are - the yellow notes you stick to walls, computer screens, and sometimes even someone's back. There's a digital version you can use which makes things neater and probably saves a few trees. Much like a real note, you can even format your Sticky Notes by selecting text and using a variety of different keyboard shortcuts. But first, if you've never used Sticky Notes, here's how to access it on your computer.
In Windows 7, you can access Sticky Notes by clicking the Windows Start button at the bottom left of your screen, clicking All Programs, Accessories and then you should see Sticky Notes.
The Sticky Notes application in Windows Vista is actually implemented as a gadget for the Windows Sidebar, so to add it you'll want to right-click anywhere on the sidebar or on the tray icon and choose "Add Gadgets", then select the Notes icon on the menu, and drag it over to the sidebar. Notes will sit in the Sidebar or you can drag them to the desktop where they will be larger and easier to read and edit if needed.

Here's the shortcutes you can use to format your text:

Bold: CTRL+B
Italics: CTRL+I
Underline: CTRL+U
Strikethrough: CTRL+T
Increase size of text: CTRL+SHIFT+>
Decrease size of text: CTRL+SHIFT+<
Bullet List: CTRL+SHIFT+L
Numbered List: CTRL+SHIFT+L (do this twice)
Alphabetical List: CTRL+SHIFT+L (do this three times)


Dr. Edward Hayes's Weekly Medical Advisor

Could "Love Hormone" Help Treat Depression?
Gazing into your lover's eyes isn't only romantic; it also releases a brain chemical called oxytocin that strengthens social bonds in a variety of species. For some people who suffer from depression, the so-called "hormone of love" might hold out hope. Researchers at the UC San Diego School of Medicine are conducting a clinical trial to study whether oxytocin - the brain hormone released with touches, hugs, or when a mother and her newborn baby bond - might help patients with depression. "In humans, oxytocin is released when they hug or experience other pleasant physical touch, and it plays a part in the human sexual response cycle, "said Kai MacDonald, MD, assistant clinical professor of psychiatry at UC San Diego School of Medicine. MacDonald went on to explain that oxytocin appears to change the brain signals related to social recognition via facial expressions, perhaps by changing the firing of the amygdala, the part of the brain that plays a primary role in the processing of important emotional stimuli. In this way, oxytocin in the brain may be a potent mediator of human social behavior.


What You Need To Know About Antithrombotic Guidelines The lack of evidence supporting the "economy class syndrome" myth in air travel made major news headlines recently. While certainly interesting and accurate, that topic was just one among many topics addressed in the larger framework of the new evidence-based guidelines. The American College of Chest Physicians (ACCP) released the Antithrombotic Therapy and Prevention of Thrombosis, 9th ed: American College of Chest Physicians Evidence-Based Clinical Practice Guidelines in its February issue of CHEST, the peer-reviewed journal of the ACCP. This ninth edition of the guidelines represents important innovations in terms of methodology and recommendations. As the Guidelines Panel Chair, I'd like to share insight into some of the advances that had an impact on the more than 600 recommendations for the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of thrombosis (blood clots), a serious condition that affects between 350,000 and 600,000 Americans each year.


Vaccines: Questions and Answers I'm putting together some of the most common questions I encounter regarding vaccines and my answers. Since many great articles have been written regarding safety and efficacy of vaccines, and some very reliable websites (cdc.gov, immunizationinfo.org, chop.edu) exist, I debated writing yet another vaccine post. However, I realize the power of sensationalism. Hearing a story from a friend about a child who was supposedly harmed by a vaccine can cause parents to forgo reputable information from other sources. It's understandable. Parents want to do the best for their children, and a story of an ill effect from a known source makes harm a reality, despite all the data and studies and real odds of risk. And so, I write this blog, from a mother to a mother, (and for my friends who follow this blog a friend to a friend), because I want to equip you with accurate information to protect your child.


Combined Use Of Recommended Heart Failure Therapies Significantly Boosts Survival Odds A UCLA-led study has found that a combination of several key guideline-recommended therapies for heart failure treatment resulted in an improvment of up to 90 percent in the odds of survival over two years. The research is published Feb. 21 in the online Journal of the American Heart Association. Heart failure, a chronic, progressive disease, affects millions of individuals and results in morbidity, the use of significant health care resources, and substantial costs.


New Combo of Chemo and Well-Known Malaria Drug Delivers Double Punch to Tumors Blocking autophagy - the process of "self-eating" within cells - is turning out to be a viable way to enhance the effectiveness of a wide variety of cancer treatments. Specifically, blocking the action of an acidic inner cell part, which acts like a stomach and chews up proteins for recycling, is the main attack strategy, says Ravi K. Amaravadi, MD, an assistant professor of Medicine at the Perelman School of Medicine and Abramson Cancer Center at the University of Pennsylvania. Amaravadi will give a presentation on the role of autophagy in fighting cancer at the annual American Association for Advancement of Science meeting in Vancouver, British Columbia. His lab and others have demonstrated that adding hydroxychloroquine (HCQ) - an FDA-approved drug used commonly for malaria and rheumatoid arthritis - to many cancer therapies, including chemotherapy, targeted therapy, radiation, and immunotherapy, can enhance the antitumor activity of these drugs in laboratory models of treatment-resistant cancers, and ongoing clinical trials.


New Melanoma Drug Nearly Doubles Survival In Majority Of Patients Investigators from Vanderbilt-Ingram Cancer Center (VICC) and 12 other centers in the United States and Australia have found that a new drug for patients with metastatic melanoma nearly doubled median overall survival. More than half of patients who were treated with the novel drug vemurafenib, known commercially as Zelboraf, responded to treatment and experienced an impressive median overall survival of nearly 16 months - far longer than the typical survival of just six to 10 months for most patients whose melanoma has spread beyond the initial tumor site. Results from the Phase 2 trial, led by co-principal investigators Jeffrey Sosman, M.D., director of the Melanoma Program and co-leader of the Signal Transduction Program at VICC, and Antoni Ribas, M.D., professor of Hematology/Oncology at UCLA's Jonsson Comprehensive Cancer Center, were published in the Feb. 23 issue of the peer-reviewed New England Journal of Medicine.


We Know More About Medical Error and the Harm It Creates - But Not Enough Twelve years ago, Helen Haskell's son died because of a series of medical errors. That sad episode prompted her to found Mothers Against Medical Error (MAME), which offers support and advice for people who share such tragedy. Haskell's ongoing effort to quantify medical errors and the harm they can cause are detailed in her story on Reporting on Health, an online community for people to share information that fosters better media coverage of health and medicine. You can't head off medical harm, Haskell contends, until you can identify its reach. Until 2010, she writes, the primary source cited for the frequency of medical harm in the U.S. was a 1999 report by the Institute of Medicine (IOM). As venerable an institution as it is, the IOM collected data for the report from the 1980s and 1990s-old numbers that didn't fully offer even a sense of what was happening at the end of that decade, much less more than a decade later.


Varying Drug Levels in the Body Could Speed the Emergence of Drug-Resistant Bacteria Scientists led by physics professor Terence Hwa at the University of California, San Diego, thought that the variety of environments in which bacteria encounter antibiotic drugs could play an important role. They have developed a mathematical model, published in the June 18 early online edition of the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, that demonstrates how that would work. Drug levels can vary widely between different organs and tissues in the human body, or between different individuals in a hospital. To account for that, their model considers a matrix of "compartments" with differing concentrations of a drug. Snapshots from the model of evolving antibiotic resistance show a population of bacteria simultaneously expanding and adapting to antibiotic drugs, leaving a "comet tail" of less-resistant bacteria behind. The bacteria in their model can move randomly from one compartment to the next. Their survival and rates of proliferation depend on the concentration of antibiotic within each compartment. And mutations that allow the bacteria to survive and thrive in environments with slightly higher concentrations were allowed to emerge randomly as well.


New Huntington's Treatment Shows Promise A new study shows that the compound Coenzyme Q10 (CoQ) reduces oxidative damage, a key finding that hints at its potential to slow the progression of Huntington disease. The discovery, which appears in the inaugural issue of the Journal of Huntington's Disease, also points to a new biomarker that could be used to screen experimental treatments for this and other neurological disorders. "This study supports the hypothesis that CoQ exerts antioxidant effects in patients with Huntington's disease and therefore is a treatment that warrants further study," says University of Rochester Medical Center neurologist Kevin M. Biglan, M.D., M.P.H., lead author of the study. "As importantly, it has provided us with a new method to evaluate the efficacy of potential new treatments." Huntington's disease (HD) is a genetic, progressive neurodegenerative disorder that impacts movement, behavior, cognition, and generally results in death within 20 years of the disease's onset. While the precise causes and mechanism of the disease are not completely understood, scientists believe that one of the important triggers of the disease is a genetic "stutter" which produces abnormal protein deposits brain cells. It is believed that these deposits - through a chain of molecular events inhibit the cell's ability to meet its energy demands resulting in oxidative stress and, ultimately, cellular death.


Folic Acid Intake During Early Pregnancy Associated With Reduced Risk Of Autism In Offspring A new study by researchers at the UC Davis MIND Institute suggests that women who consume the recommended daily dosage of folic acid, the synthetic form of folate or vitamin B-9, during the first month of pregnancy may have a reduced risk of having a child with autism. The study furthers the researchers' earlier investigations, which found that women who take prenatal vitamins around the time of conception have a reduced risk of having a child with autism. The current study sought to determine whether the folic acid consumed in those supplements was the source of the protective effect. The finding suggests that, in addition to women who already have conceived, those who are attempting to become pregnant should consider consuming folic acid supplements, the authors said. The study found that women who each day consumed the recommended amount of folic acid (600 micrograms, or .6 milligrams) during the first month of pregnancy experienced a reduced risk of having a child with autism spectrum disorder, specifically when the mother and/or her child had a specific genetic variant (MTHFR 677 C>T) associated with less efficient folate metabolism. The study will be published in the July issue of the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition.


Tree Oil May Combat Obesity, Diabetes A future weapon in the battle against obesity and diabetes could come in the form of an oil derived from the seeds of wild almond trees, according to researchers at Missouri University of Science and Technology. The key to the oil's potential lies in its ability to affect certain microorganisms living in our bellies. In a study presented today (Monday, June 18, 2012) at the American Society for Microbiology's general meeting in San Francisco, Missouri S&T researchers reported that adding sterculic oil to the diets of obese laboratory mice increased their sensitivity to insulin. This was due to the oil's effect on three types of microorganisms that live in the guts of the mice.


The Harm of Not Seeing Drug Reps Now more than ever, the growing consensus among many is that doctors should avoid seeing pharmaceutical sales representatives, otherwise known as drug reps. A position statement from the AAMC, the head organization of all US medical schools and residency programs, recommends that all academic health centers avoid having drug reps on their campuses, hospital and clinics. Many medical institutions including the VA and Kaiser have also enacted similar policies banning drug reps. In fact, the number of doctors willing to see reps has declined about 20 percent since 2008. In 2010, about 11 percent of American physicians had "severe" or "no-see" restrictions on drug rep access, while 34 percent had "some" restrictions. The rationale for such bans is that drug reps are really marketing agents for the drug companies they represent, and their mere presence will cause physicians to write unnecessary prescriptions. It is not only the sales pitches that certain stakeholders are concerned about, but also drug samples and often times food that comes with them. The idea is that gifts from the industry (which other than meals have not been around for some time) as well as samples of medicines, marketing material and sales pitches from drug reps will influence physicians to write medications that they might not normally write.


Antibacterials in Personal-Care Products Linked to Allergy Risk in Children Exposure to common antibacterial chemicals and preservatives found in soap, toothpaste, mouthwash and other personal-care products may make children more prone to a wide range of food and environmental allergies, according to new research from Johns Hopkins Children's Center. Results of the NIH-funded study are published online ahead of print June 18 in the Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology. Using existing data from a national health survey of 860 children ages 6 to 18, Johns Hopkins researchers examined the relationship between a child's urinary levels of antibacterials and preservatives found in many personal-hygiene products and the presence of IgE antibodies in the child's blood. IgE antibodies are immune chemicals that rise in response to an allergen and are markedly elevated in people with allergies. "We saw a link between level of exposure, measured by the amount of antimicrobial agents in the urine, and allergy risk, indicated by circulating antibodies to specific allergens," said lead investigator Jessica Savage, M.D., M.H.S., an allergy and immunology fellow at Hopkins. ----------


Retirement May Trigger PTSD in Some Vietnam Vets
Jun 21, 2012
Stars and Stripes | by Leo Shane III

WASHINGTON — It took Sam Luna more than 35 years to get treatment for his post-traumatic stress disorder.
“I didn’t realize anything was wrong,” the combat-wounded Vietnam veteran said. “I thought I had adjusted well after I came back. I had a job, I had a family, everything looked great from the outside.”
But shortly after he retired in 2004, his anxiety attacks and stress levels increased. A trip to his local Veterans Affairs hospital triggered war memories. The former soldier started to notice the hair-trigger temper his wife had complained about for years.
He found himself thinking more often about the war — and the friends he lost.
“It was like I had a black box on the mantel for years, but I could ignore it when I left for work every
day,” he said. “When I retired, it was still sitting there, waiting for me.”
Mental health experts say that kind of delayed trauma isn’t unusual. Major life events such as retirement
often trigger personal reassessment and forgotten memories.
But for Vietnam veterans who returned decades ago to a harsh reception and limited mental health options,
that could mean a new wave of stress and serious psychological issues as their generation enters retirement age.
The average age of a Vietnam vet is 65 years old. More than 5 million of the nation’s more than 7 million
Vietnam-era veterans are between 60 and 70 years old, according to data from the National Center for Veterans Analysis and Statistics.
An additional 1 million are expected to turn 60 within the next five years.
“A lot of people coped with the traumatic experiences in war by throwing themselves into work when they got
home,” said Tom Berger, director of the health council at Vietnam Veterans of America. “Now, after being a
workaholic for 40 years, they suddenly don’t have that structure in their life anymore. I expect there will be more and more folks seeking out help for those issues.”
But Berger and other veterans advocates worry that if there is a flood of new cases, the already struggling VA mental health system won’t be able to handle it.
In retrospect, Luna said, his PTSD should have been obvious.
His wife, Gloria, said after he returned from Vietnam, the 22-year-old soldier never spoke about the war
or his injury. He punched walls when he got angry. He stewed in silence over things that caused him stress,
and he lashed out at her and their children when it became too much.
“I knew he was different, but I figured that just happens when men come back from war,” she said.
For his part, Luna said he just “forgot” everything he saw overseas. He blocked out the stress of patrols
in hostile areas, the men who got hit by sniper fire and the snare trap that shot a wooden spike through his right leg.
Once he was well enough to do so, he found work with the Texas criminal justice system as a probation officer
and threw himself into his career.
“I just didn’t want to deal with that stuff,” he said. “I didn’t think there was anything I needed to deal with.”
John Edwards, a rifleman who was entering Vietnam the same year Luna was leaving, said he saw the same pattern
in his war experience. After two years of violent scenes and close calls, he just wanted to return home to a
“normal” life. He found success in a series of technology firms. He was diagnosed only recently — more than 40
years after his return — with PTSD.
“I didn’t feel right, and someone told me I should go in [to the VA] and talk with someone,” he said. “It wasn’t
about getting benefits for me. It was about getting help.”
He’s getting that help now. Berger said it’s a common story heard by those at Vietnam Veterans of America, one
that shows the need for mental health services for all ages.
But he worries an influx of cases like his could overburden the VA medical system.
“They just don’t have the resources to handle that,” he said.
Last year, more than 476,000 veterans received treatment for PTSD from VA hospitals and clinics, up dramatically
from about 272,000 in fiscal 2006.
Iraq and Afghanistan veterans make up a large portion of that increase but still account for only about one-fifth
of all PTSD patients. More than half of the new cases come from earlier wars.
In response to the demand, VA officials have added almost 7,000 new mental health specialists in the last six years.
But in April, the VA inspector general sharply criticized department officials for overly optimistic estimates on
wait times for mental health appointments.
Fewer than half of patients requesting an initial evaluation were seen within two weeks, and many facilities took
months to schedule even basic visits.
VA officials have promised changes, vowing to hire 1,600 new mental health professionals nationwide and to fill 1,500
existing open positions across the country.
Dr. Matthew Friedman, executive director of the VA’s National Center for PTSD, said officials haven’t begun preparing
for a wave of retiring Vietnam veterans seeking mental health care.
In the past, they have issued alerts around anniversaries or other large public events that might trigger war flashbacks
— when the movie “Saving Private Ryan” was released, for example — about the possibility of new patients, but studies
haven’t shown a significant jump in therapy visits following those markers.
“But anecdotally, I can tell you I’ve seen a lot of veterans [following notable dates or events] who just want to talk
informally with someone,” he said. “We know anniversaries are important, and they evoke a lot of memories.”
The Defense Department last month launched its 50th anniversary commemoration of the Vietnam War, pushing those veterans’
experiences and memories to the forefront again.
Barbara Van Dahlen, founder of the nonprofit counseling organization Give an Hour, said the combination of that and the
veterans’ ages create a “perfectly normal” situation for mental health issues to resurface.
“I don’t want to suggest that all of these veterans will need professional help,” she said. “But it’s a situation where
the memories and the emotions are bubbling up. For some, it’ll be a conversation with their children or their wife,
sharing things they wanted to before didn’t feel like they could. Some will need more help. The important thing to know
is that it’s normal and important to address those issues, and not just to shove it away again.”
Veterans of Foreign Wars deputy director Gerald Manar, a Vietnam veteran, noted that he saw more visitors to the Vietnam
Wall on Memorial Day last month. It wasn’t just veterans either, he said. Many families were there, asking questions and
listening to stories.
“Vietnam veterans were slapped with a lot of unfair labels when they came home,” Manar said. “Millions went off to war,
served with distinction and honor, and then came back to be major contributors to the middle class. But that doesn’t mean
they dealt with everything.”
Friedman said from a treatment perspective, the age or combat era of a mental health patient doesn’t really matter.
“PTSD is PTSD,” he said, noting that recent advances in treating younger vets can be easily translated to older generations.
Luna, who is in counseling with the VA to deal with his PTSD, works with Vets’ Journey Home Texas, running weekend therapy
retreats for veterans of all eras. They mainly work with younger veterans, in the hopes they can deal with their war
traumas more quickly and more definitively than the older generations. But he said he’s also started hearing from a large
number of Vietnam veterans who have just retired.
Said Luna: “America has no idea what the Vietnam vets are still going through."


World War II vet, 92, wins PTSD disability benefits
Veterans Affairs starts sending checks after attorneys work two years to document his service history.

World War II veteran Stanley Friedman and his wife, Minna Rae. Nearly 70 years after he served in North Africa,
Veterans Affairs approved benefits for him for post-traumatic stress disorder.
The war gave him flashbacks and nightmares. He flailed around in his sleep, bruising his arms. Memories of
being bombed and rocketed seemed real, and painfully intense.
Tech Sgt. Stanley Friedman was ultimately diagnosed with post-traumatic stress disorder, the signature
disability from the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan.
A few weeks ago, Friedman received his first 70% disability check for PTSD from the Department of Veterans
Affairs. It wasn't for service in Iraq or Afghanistan. It was for World War II. Stanley Friedman is 92.
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------- disability pay referred to Friedman as being in his ninth decade. At 92, Friedman, is in his 10th decade.

World War II veteran Stanley Friedman and his wife, Minna Rae.
Nearly 70 years after he served in North Africa, Veterans Affairs
approved benefits for him for post-traumatic stress disorder.

After fighting the VA for years, Friedman got help from lawyers, who logged hundreds of hours digging up
evidence not only of his World War II service but of his debilitating PTSD. The VA finally accepted their
documentation, and now Friedman is being compensated for what was called shell shock or battle fatigue when
he served nearly 70 years ago.
"It's like a miracle,'' Friedman said last week from his home outside Chicago, his mind still sharp and his
voice heavy with the Brooklyn accent of his youth.
Friedman is hardly the only World War II veteran to receive benefits because of PTSD, but his long path to
approval is unusual and noteworthy for the time and effort involved. About 19,000 World War II veterans receive
such benefits, the VA says (compared with 115,000 Iraq, Afghanistan and Persian Gulf War veterans). But most of
those World War II veterans had an easier time of it because many, unlike Friedman, held on to their service
and medical records.
For years, Minna Rae Friedman suffered through her husband's nightmares, flashbacks, anxiety and refusal to
discuss the war. It came to a head a dozen years ago, she said, when his grandson interviewed Friedman for a
school project on World War II.
The boy asked: "Tell me the truth, Grandpa. Were you scared?"
The old man replied: "I was scared to death." Actually, he used a more pungent description, his wife recalled.
"That's when it all really started to come out," she said.
A VA doctor diagnosed Friedman's PTSD in 2001. In 2004, Friedman applied for disability benefits but was denied;
he could prove neither his combat service nor his disability. His 1946 application for disability benefits for a
back injury and sand fly fever he suffered in North Africa was rejected for similar reasons.
In 2009, the San Diego office of the law firm DLA Piper heard about Friedman's case from a law school in Chicago.
Lawyer James Garrett, and later Veronica Jackson and Oksana Koltko, began searching for documentation as part of
the firm's pro bono work for veterans.
It would take them at least 350 work hours over more than two years. They scoured old newspapers and mountains of
reproduced microfilm records supplied by the military. They also interviewed Friedman's doctors, his wife and his
children to obtain formal declarations about his PTSD symptoms.
"I felt like a detective," Jackson said.
After months of searching Army records that turned up nothing about Friedman, Garrett realized that, because Friedman
served in what was then the Army Air Corps, his records were kept by the Air Force. He pawed through Air Force microfilm
and finally found a handwritten diary entry from an American captain in Tunisia in 1943 describing a certain "Sgt. Friedman."
From that clue, Garrett was able to establish Friedman's service in North Africa from 1943 to 1945 and the name of his
ordnance maintenance company. Other documents verified that Friedman's troop ship was torpedoed and dive-bombed en route to
Tunisia in 1943, and that members of his unit were killed in an attack on a truck in Tunisia in 1944.
The terror of being attacked on the ship, and of stumbling across a buddy's corpse after the truck attack,
clung to Friedman for years. He would keep his TV turned on late at night, he said, so he wouldn't fall asleep
and revisit recurring nightmares.


By Deena Beasley
updated 6/2/2012 12:04:12 AM

A trial of Johnson & Johnson's prostate cancer pill, Zytiga, found that it slowed the
spread of the disease by 58 percent in men who had stopped responding to hormonal
drugs but not yet treated with chemotherapy, potentially offering new hope for patients
who see their cancer return.
..Zytiga is one of several new prostate cancer treatments that may significantly
prolong the life of patients by zeroing in more closely on certain mechanisms that
help tumors proliferate. New data on the medications are being presented at the
American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO) annual meeting in Chicago.

The trial of 1,088 prostate cancer patients showed those given a placebo and the
steroid prednisone went a median of 8.3 months before their disease worsened.
Patients treated with the steroid and Zytiga were still faring better at the time
the data were analyzed, so a comparable statistic was not yet available.

The study's lead investigator, Dr Charles Ryan of the University of California,
San Francisco's Helen Diller Family Comprehensive Cancer Center, estimated that the
Zytiga patients would enjoy at least 16 months of progression free survival (PFS).

The trial also found that prednisone-only patients lived for a median of 27.2 months.
Overall survival for patients treated with Zytiga had also not yet been reached, but
J&J estimated that it improved their survival by 33 percent, or 9 months.

That would clearly surpass the 4.1 month survival benefit demonstrated by Provenge,
the cancer vaccine sold by Dendreon Corp that was tested in a similar patient population.

Prostate cancer is the second most common form of cancer in men, with some 30,000 dying
from the disease each year in the United States alone and 250,000 globally. Around
one-third of patients need no treatment, because their disease does not metastasize, or
spread, while another third are treated and cured. bones, lymph nodes or other parts of the body. Prostate cancer can turn lethal when it
spreads and when it resists standard hormonal therapy.


Experimental prostate cancer drugs due to be featured at ASCO include Medivation Inc's
eznalutamide and alpharadin, which is being developed by Bayer AG and Algeta ASA.

Zytiga is already approved to treat advanced prostate cancer in patients who previously
received chemotherapy. J&J expects to file in the second half of this year for U.S.
regulatory approval of the drug as a treatment for men with metastatic prostate cancer
who have not yet received chemotherapy.

"Clearly, if we're showing greater benefit in the pre-chemotherapy population ... I
don't think it's unreasonable that they (clinicians) would move it up," said Michael
Meyers, head of the drug's development at J&J.

The study also showed that Zytiga significantly delayed the need for pain drugs taken
to reduce side effects and eventual chemotherapy.

In March, the pre-chemotherapy trial was stopped ahead of schedule after it became
clear patients were benefiting from Zytiga, a member of a new drug class designed to
work inside cancer cells to block the production of testosterone, the male hormone that
fuels prostate cancer cell growth.

Zytiga, also known as abiraterone, is currently given for eight months at a cost of
around $44,000.

Barclays estimates peak U.S. Zytiga sales of $1.5 billion by 2015, with $700 million
from cases where it is used after chemotherapy and $800 million from patients who have
yet to try chemo.

Side effects associated with the drug included cardiac disorders, high blood pressure and
increased liver enzyme levels.

J&J's Meyers said the safety profile seen with Zytiga in the latest trial was similar to
earlier studies, even though patients were exposed to the drug for nearly twice as long.

He said the side effects "for the most part did not disrupt treatment and were easily
managed by routine medical interventions."


Let's REALLY support our severely injured Veterans, .99¢ at a time!

We started this page to support the 4 Star Charity, Homes For Our Troops who build
specially adapted homes for our severely injured Veterans at no cost to them. For only
.99¢, you get a great Patriotic song from iTunes or Amazon, and 100% of the profits go to
Homes For Our Troops! Go to iTunes to get the song now!

Also available on Amazon...

http://www.amazon.com/Proud-Soldiers-Single/dp/B003WH7LL4/ref=sr_shvl_album_1?ie=UTF8&qid=1296288073&sr=301-1 It is important for everyone to know we are only here to support/help our severely
injured Vets and our troops. This includes those with invisible wounds, PTSD and TBI.
Please NO POLITICS on this page or you will be BLOCKED!. The sacrifices our military
endure to assure our simplest of freedoms do not go unnoticed and have not been forgotten
regardless of any personal views on the morality or purpose of war.

"Be careful; think about the effect of what you say. Your words should
be constructive, bring people together, not pull them apart."


VETERANS' CRISIS LINE 1-800-273-8255 (PRESS 1)
--It Takes the courage and strength of a Warrior to ask for HELP..



WEEKLY INSPIRATION The Blessing of Unanswered Prayers I asked for strength that I might achieve; I was made weak that I might learn humbly to obey. I asked for health that I might do greater things; I was given infirmity that I might do better things. I asked for riches that I might be happy; I was given poverty that I might be wise. I asked for power that I might have the praise of men; I was given weakness that I might feel the need of God. I asked for all things that I might enjoy life; I was given life that I might enjoy all things. I got nothing that I had asked for, but eveything that I had hoped for. Almost despite myself my unspoken prayers were answered; I am, among all men, most richly blessed. Amen - Unknown Confederate soldier

Thats all the news for this week. Check back next Saturday. Thanks, Ole' Bill

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