Quarterhorse in Vietnam

1st SQUADRON

4th CAVALRY

QUARTERHORSE

1/4 Cavalvry Historical Reports - Jul to December 1965


DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY HEADQUARTERS 1ST SQUADRON 4TH CAVALRY APO US FORCES 96345 AVID-QH 13 January 1966

SUBJECT: Unit Historical Report (July 1965 to December 1965)

Commanding General
1st Infantry Division
ATTN: ACofS, G3
APO US Forces 96545

1. Section I, Significant Headquarters or Unit Activities.

a. Personnel. Major Changes in personnel management occurred as follows. HQ & HQ Troop. Major Richard A. Lilly, Squadron S3 was reassigned to USA Avn School, Ft Rucker, Alabama, Captain William D. Racek assumed duty as the Squadron S3. 2d Lt Albert J. Obue, assigned to the S3 Section as Liaison Officer, subsequently reassigned to Headquarters 1st Infantry Division upon arrival in the Republic of Vietnam. 2d Lt David Kinkead assigned to the S3 Section as Liaison Officer Subsequently reassigned to Troop A, 1st Sqdn, 4th Cay as Platoon Leader, 2d Lt David K. Hight assigned to the S3 Section as Liaison Officer, Captain Ralph M. Sturgis assigned to the S3 Section as S3 Air, subsequently reassigned to Troop A, 1st Sqdn, 4th Cay as Troop Commander. Captain Ronald E. Davidson assigned to the S3 Section as S3 Air, Captain Harvey H. Hubbard. Jr was reassigned to Troop A as Troop Commander, 2d Lt William E. Welsh reassigned from Troop B, assumed duties as Squadron Maintenance Officer, MSgt Robert L. Powell was reassigned to HQ & HQ Troop as lSgt from Troop D (Air) replacing lSgt Peter H. Deditch who was reassigned to the 3d Armored Cavalry in USAREUR. The following officer promotions were effected during this period, 2d Lt Charles F. Reis to 1st Lt, 2d Lt Henry E. Evans III to 1st Lt, WOW1 Kenneth Spongberg to CWO-2. The following enlisted personnel were promoted to the next higher grade, MSgt Robert L. Powell from pay grade E7 to pay grade E8 (lSgt), SSgt L. C. M. Acor, Leo P. Allie, and Curtis Nickerson from pay grade E6 to pay grade E7 (SFC), Sgt Cecil F. Skelton and SP5 William J. Paiseka from pay grade E5 to pay grade E6 and SP4 Philip A. Carter Jr from pay grade E4 to pay grade E5. During the period July through August a large number of replacements were received to bring the troop up to strength subsequent to movement to present duty station in the Republic of Vietnam.

Troop A

Captain James W. Doherty reassigned to HHC, USAG, Ft Riley, Kansas Captain Harvey J. Hubbard Jr assumed command of the troop on 14 August 1965. Captain Ralph M. Sturgis assumed command of the troop on 12 November 1965 due to Captain Hubbard being wounded in action. The Following enlisted personnel were promoted to the next higher grade: SFC Oswaldo Medina appointed from pay grade E6 to pay grade E7 (PSG), SFC Lyle E. Johnson appointed from pay grade E6 to pay grade E7 (PSG), Sgt Francis E. Fischer appointed from pay grade E5 to pay grade E6, (SSgt) Sgt Charles Norris appointed from pay grade E5 to pay grade E6 (SSgt). The following personnel were promoted from pay grade E4 to grade E5; Thomas Saporito, Earnie Jackson, Harry Tucker, Jesse Bettoncourt Arnold Stevens, George Taylor, John R. Butenschoen, Gene Hatfield, William Burnett, Rogers Thomson. During the period July through August a large number of replacements were received to bring the troop up to strength subsequent to movement to present duty station in the Republic of Vietnam.

Troop B

2d Lt Gary L. Luneau appointed as Troop Executive Officer due to 2d Lt William Walsh being reassigned to Hq & Hq Troop as Squadron Maintenance Officer. 2d Lt Jerry F. Harbaugh assigned as Platoon Leader, 2d Platoon, due to reassignment of 2d Lt Nicholas H. Elsberg to the 1st Bn, 63d Armor. 2d Lt Lyman S. Newton appointed as Troop Executive Officer, 2d Lt Gary L. Luneau assumed duties as Platoon Leader. The following named enlisted men were promoted to the next higher grade PSgt Anthony S. Moniz from pay grade E7 to pay grade E8 (1Sgt), SFC Herberto Quijano from grade E6 to pay grade E7 (PSG). During the period July through August a Large number of replacements were received to bring the troop up to strength subsequent to movement to present duty station in the Republic of Vietnam.

Troop C

The following officer was promoted from 2d Lt to 1st Lt, 2d Lt James P. Flores, Troop Executive Officer. The following enlisted man was promoted to the next higher grade, SFC Carlo Torres-Costa from pay grade E6 to pay grade (PSG). During the period July through August a large number of replacements were received to bring the troop up to strength subsequent to movement to present duty station in the Republic of Vietnam.

Troop D (Air)

Major John S. McCleod assumed command of the troop from Captain Fred L. Sey (should be Fred Lyssy). SFC E6 Samuel W. Harrell assumed duties of acting 1Sgt until the assignment of MSgt E8 Carl S. McConkey. The following officer promotions were effected during the period, WOW1 George N. Capehart to CWO-2, WOW1 Clifford D. Richey to CWO-2 and WOW1 Robert L. Kewell to CWO-2 The following enlisted men were promoted to the next higher grade, SFC Samuel W. Harrell from pay grade E6 to pay grade E7 (SFC) and SFC Richard A. Horner from pay grade E6 to pay grade E7 (PSG). During the period July through August, the troop received many officer replacements from Europe and CONUS aviation units, plus enlisted replacements from CONUS units to bring the troop up to strength subsequent to movement to present duty station in the Republic of Vietnam.

b. Intelligence: MSgt E8 John G. Schulz was assigned from Ft. Hood, Texas as the Squadron Intelligence NCO, MSgt E8 Carl S. McConkey was reassigned to Troop D (Air) as 1Sgt. The Squadron intelligence section received and distributed the basic allowance of maps to the troops prior to deployment from Ft. Riley, Kansas. After arrival in the Republic of Vietnam the Squadron S2 assisted in the establishment of security measures for the Phu Loi installation, perimeter fencing screening of indigenous labor and liaion with ARVN intelligence agencies.

c . Training. The status of training in the Squadron shifted from Operational Readiness training in July to an intensified Combat Training program in August, prior to deployment overseas.

d. Operations. The Squadron deployed from Ft. Riley, Kansas in four phases.

Troop C deployed by air on 11 September 1965 to join 1st Infantry Division

Troop A deployed on 15 September 1965 with the 3d Bde, 1st Infantry Division

Troop B deployed on 20 September 1965 with the 1st Bde, 1st Infantry Division

Troop D (Air). Deployed by air to join the 1st Bde at the Overseas Replacement Station, 21 September 1965

Hq & Hq Troop deployed on 29 September 1965 by air to the Overseas Replacement Station, the Advance party deployed by air on 22 September 1965.

All elements of the Squadron were present in the Republic of Vietnam on 20 October 1965.

Major actions engaged in by elements of the Squadron since arrival in the Republic of Vietnam, are as follows:

Troop A played a major role in the successful repulsion of an attack by 2 hard core Viet Cong regiments at Ap Bau Bang on the morning of 12 November 1965. The troop suffered 7 KIA and 35 WIA an estimated 263 VC were killed. The troop has participated in road clearing and search and destroy missions as directed by 3d Bde, 1st Infantry Division. Total casualties sustained due to hostile actions were 9 KIA and 39 WIA.

Troop B participated in road clearing and search and destory missions as directed 1st Bde, 1st Infantry Division, and is engaged in establishing a defensive perimeter in their assigned area and providing a rapid reaction force for 1st Bde, 1st Infantry Division Total casualties for the troop due to hostile actions, are l KIA and 12 WIA

Troop C participated in road clearing and search and destroy missions while assigned to the 2d Bde, 1st Infantry Division. Since being assigned to the Phu Loi Installation the troop has participated in numerous escort missions, diversionary actions, and search and clear missions as directed by the CO, 1st Infantry Division and the CO, 1st Squadron, 4th Cavalry. Total casualties due to hostile actions are 3 KIA and 7 WIA.

Troop D (Air). Since being deployed from Ft. Riley, Kansas to the Republic of Vietnam the troop aircraft have participated in numerous convoy escort missions and fire team sorties throughout the 1st Infantry Division TAOR. During November and December the troop aircraft amassed a total of 2110 flying hours. Total casualties due to hostile action are 5 WIA.

Hq & Hq Troop. has participated in an active support role to the Phu Loi installation and to the organic troops of the Squadron. Total casualties sustained due to hostile actions are 2 KIA (attached to Troop B) and 2 WIA (attached to Troop A).

e. Administration and Logistics.

(1) Administration. During the period there was an 80 percent change of assigned personnel in the Squadron. There was a total of 3 Army Commendation Medals awarded to members of the Squadron, and 16 Air Medals. There were 69 recipients of the Purple Heart (15 post-humously and 65 awarded to individuals wounded due to hostile action). Since arrival in the Republic of Vietnam there has been a concerted effort on the part of all personnel to improve living conditions by the construction of tent pads and floors, recreation and latrine and shower facilities. R & R quotas were received which permitted 20 personnel to visit the R & R facilities (5 to Hong Kong, 9 to Taipei, 5 to Bangkok and l to Tokyo) . 96 enlisted men were permitted to utilize overnight passes to Saigon and 124 personnel saw the Bob Hope Christmas show at the 1st infantry Division compound at Di An.

Logistices. The logistical posture of the Squadron is considered adequate, with the exception of the problem areas listed in paragraph g. In July the Squadron S4 section started preparing for overseas shipment. During the month of August support was provided for the Intensified Combat Training Program, also during late August and early September the Squadron received M113 Armored personnel Carriers to replace the M114 Com. and and Reconnaisance vehicles, new multi-fuel 2 ton and 5 ton trucks. Troop D (Air) was brought up to strength with OH138s and UH-1B helicopters. All equipment was rail loaded and shipped to overseas ports of embarkation by 14 September 1965. Upon arrival in the 2e Republic of Vietnam of personne1 and equipment, support of combat operations began and is continuing. There have been no major changes in equipment since arrival in country.

f. Civic Action/Psychological Operations. The Squadron Medical Section has participated in the 1st Infantry Division MEDCAP program under the direction of the Surgeon, 1st Infantry Division. Artillery, in addition the Squadron Surgeon is participating in a civic action program at the Binh Duong Province hospital by making weekly out patient clinic visits. g. Problem Areas. (1) Receipt of Class I and IV supplies. (2) Receipt of maintenance repair parts. h. Lessons Learned. (1) The most continuing threat to a cavalry unit is a command detonated mine. The best defense to this continuing threat is speed of movement and reconnaissance by fire of suspected areas. (2) Dangerous hours in terms of imminent VC attack are the hours just prior to darkness and the hour just prior to full light in the morning. (3) Proper placement of sand bags diminish the vulnerability of vehicles (light vehicles and APC). (4) Selection of supplementary positions is mandatory for every vehicle commander in an assembly area. (5) Mortar air illumination should be used only if the unit is under full scale Attack. If mortar illumination is used when the unit is being probed, it is likely that the illumination will reveal more of the friendly positions than of the enemy positions. (6) Recommend use of a lighter tank in ground actions, less restrictions on Movement due to bridge and road classifications. (7) Use of an big round cupole turret system for the M113 APC. Current use of the Caliber .50 gun shield presently installed has caused excessive wear in the turrent bearings. SECTION II: COMMANDERS RECOMMENDATIONS. None. /signed by PAUL M. FISHER Lt Col, Armor Commanding Note: This is a copy of the original After Action Report prepared by Bill Baty. It has been redone in order to facilitate reading and to computerize the report. There were no intentional additions, deletions or mistakes made. If an error is found, please notify me and I'll correct it.

Annex A: List of Casualties

Hq & Hq Troop: 1. WIA Laumb, James O., SP5 while attached to Troop A Berrens, Louis C, SP4 while attached to Troop A 2. KIA Cooks, Melvin E., Pvt while attached to Troop B McCullough, Prezel PFC while attached to Troop B Troop A 1. WIA Hubbard, Harvey H. CPT Schultz, Richard F, PFC Castro-Bustas, Arma, SGT Wiser, Ronald D., SGT Castro-Gonzales, Angelus PFC Jackson, Ernest PFC Goff, Ernest, PFC Bolton, Calvin SSG Dentici, Joseph G, SP4 Lindsey, Robert SGT Pappalardo, John 2LT Slater, Merle D SGT Lockette, Bernard PFC McCarty, William W., SSG Walls, James L., PFC Tucci, George W. Jr, SGT McKeever, David T, SP4 Vanderhorst, Erneal PFC Garcia, John A., 2LT Haramut, Robert B., PFC Gonzales, Julian D., SP4 Pickett, Roy D., PFC Jones, Doyle PFC Jones, Marvin PFC Baty, Billy P., SGT Tisino, Alton, SGT Ford, Gerry SP4 Lamberjack, Charles SP4 Sanes, Donald R., SP4 Kekipi, Joseph G., SSG Kampfert, William R., SP5 McGhee, Franklin D., PVT Keck, Pierce K., SGT James, Ben S., PFC Johnson, Lyle L., PSG Snavely, David E., 2LT Brown, Lee V., SP4 Givens, Bobby G., PFC Roach, John T., SP4 Saunders, Myrle J., SGT 2. KIA Dupere, Joseph R., SSG Castillo-Lima, Benjamin PVT Sears, Earnest G., PFC Eaden, William H., SGT Ciordano, Joseph C., SP4 Santillo, Raymo PFC Jenkins, Morris G., SP5 Estrada-Costas, Her SP4 McMillon, Jackie PFC Troop B 1. WIA Horn, Danny E., PFC Parrish, Joel, PFC Davidson, Earl G., SP4 McCuin, Marcus B., SSG Gordon, Floyd A., SP4 Nash, James W., PFC Woods, Jerry L., SP4 Holun, Richard P., SGT Alston, Robert PSG Taylor, George SP5 Evans, Thomas J. Jr., SP4 Jourdain, William R., PFC 2. KIA Dressler, Emmet L, SSG Troop C 1. WIA Wilson, Jerry H., SP5 Wilson, Donald G., SSG Harlow, Douglas D., SSG Rabas, Gary D., PFC Johnson, Richard S., PFC Evangelista, Frederico G., PVT Puckett, Freddie W., PVT 2. KIA Brown, Walter W., Sp4 Darty, Omer G., PSG Collins, Clayton PFC Troop D (Air) 1. WIA Nulanax, Leon V., SGT Sones, Richard A., CPT Bodeen, Jerrie W., 1LT McCleod, John S., MAJ Hummel, Richard H., CPT


After Action Report - Ap Tau O/Benchmark 69 -8 Jun 66

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