Quarterhorse in Vietnam

1st SQUADRON

4th CAVALRY

QUARTERHORSE

Memorandum from LTC LEWANE - TUCSON - 4 Nov 66


 
DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY HEADQUARTERS, 1ST SQUADRON 4TH CAVALRY APO US FORCES 96345
AVDB-QH 4 November 1966 MEMORANDUM FOR: ALL Officers and Men of the 1ST Squadron 4TH Cavalry SUBJECT: Mobility and Flexibility

1. Campaigning for 26 days midst dry and wet weather, galloping over 300 miles through a mixture of laterite roads, rubber plantation lanes, and jungle trails the 1ST Squadron, 4TH Cavalry demonstrated its prowess as a highly mobile and flexible organization.

2. During Operation TULSA our squadron provided the primary security force, along with our stalwart infantry comrades of the 1/16, 1/26, 1/28, and 2/28 battalions, to the Vietnamese rice and rubber convoys between Saigon and An Loc and back again. It is significant to note that the Viet Cong made not one attempt to interdict Route 13 during this operation. It is most important to remember that this operation contributed immeasurably to the pacification effort of the Vietnamese population in this area of the III Corps Tactical Zone.

3. Operation Shenandoah had as its primary purpose a squadron reconnaissance in force mission to find, fix and destroy the enemy. This squadron moved on Route 13 from Lai Khe to Loch Ninh crossing the old 8 and 30 June 1966 battlefields of BenchMark 69 and Srok Dong. From Loc Ninh our valiant Troop A moved northwest to within 6 kilometers of the Cambodian border challenging the enemy to do battle. Our thrice battle tested Troop C conducted potentially one of the most hazardous of tasks by moving northwest from Loch Ninh along a jungle trail towards Bo Duc, with only its ACAV"s. Still the enemy refused to fight. Our newest attached member to the squadron, Company B, 2/34 Armor a very fine, eager to fight and swift charging unit, served as the Squadron striking force prepared to reinforce any part of the operations.

On the movement of the squadron along the Minh Thanh Road, Company B, 2/34 Armor moved under VT artillery fire. This marked the first time that an armor unit in Vietnam had practiced this technique.

The second movement to the Minh Thanh Rubber Plantation was characterized by procedures so often spoken of but so rarely executed. This squadron moved rapidly, scrambled while on the move and arrived at their destination in time to secure important artillery firing and blocking positions thus releasing valuable rifle companies to engage the enemy deep in his jungle havens. This permitted a greater number of the infantry battalions to be committed and resulted in killing over 70 of the enemy. Always near to protect the front, flanks and rear of the squadron ground units, flew our skillful and daring crews of Troop D (Air). This versatile troop was prepared to engage, seize critical terrain sites with the aero rifle platoon or to provide early warning of enemy concentrations through the Long-Range Reconnaissance Patrol.

This operation also offered challenges to the Squadron Headquarters Troop, most particularly the Squadron Maintenance Platoon in retrieving armored vehicles under the most difficult of conditions and the Squadron S-4 section in their excellent logistical support.

4. Although the squadron did not destroy any enemy forces on this operation, as it is accustomed to doing, it performed its mission for the "Big Red One" in a quick moving, hard hitting and flexible minded style.

5. My sincere compliments go out to each and every trooper for the magnificent accomplishments during Operations Tulsa and Shenandoah and I am deeply proud to be a part of the finest fighting cavalry squadron in the Army today- the 1st Squadron 4TH United States Cavalry.

                              Signed by/Leonard L. Lewane, LTC, Commanding

DISTRiBUTION: A

Thanks to Corkey Varner for submitting this document


After Action Report - OPERATION TUCSON DELTA - 26 Feb 67

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