QuarterHorse Unit/Individual Awards

1/4 Cavalry Awards and Decorations

Presidential Unit Citation to 1/4 Cav

								GO 31
General Orders                     HEADQUARTERS
No 31		           WASHINGTON, D.C., 14 July 1967

I..THE PRESIDENTIAL UNIT CITATION (ARMY). Award of the Presidential Unit Citation 
(Army) by the President of the United States of America to the following unit of 
the Armed Forces of the United States is confirmed in accordance with paragraph 
194, AR 672-5-1. The text of the citation, signed by President Lyndon B. Johnson 
19 May 1967, reads as follows:
By virtue of the authority vested in me as President of the United States and as 
Commander in Chief of the Armed Forces of the United States I have today awarded 
the Presidential Unit Citation (Army) for extraordinary heroism, to:


The 1st Squadron, 4th Cavalry, 1st Infantry Division distinguished itself by 
extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against hostile 
forces in Binh Long Province, Republic of Vietnam during the period June to July 
1966. On 8 June 1966, Troop A, 1st Squadron, 4th Cavalry was moving north along 
Highway 13 to the vicinity of An Loc to conduct area reconnaissance and offensive 
operations. The lead tank was hit by a command detonated mine which was the 
signal for three Viet Cong battalions to open a full-scale attack from both sides 
of the road. The three Viet Cong battalions occupied defensive fortifications and 
were heavily equipped with recoil-less rifles, automatic weapons and a variety of 
small arms. Troop A immediately closed with the insurgent force in a fierce 
assault. Maneuver room was limited due to marshy terrain on either side of the 
highway. Continuous, multi-direction assaults were attempted by the desperate 
insurgent forces, but in each case they were halted by accurate tank, automatic, 
and individual weapons fire. With an indomitable fighting spirit, continuous fire 
and movement was used to steadily close on the insurgent force. The courageous 
fighting of the cavalrymen routed the Viet Cong from their emplacements. The 
gallant actions of Troop A in this six-hour battle was an eminent success. In 
addition, the armed helicopters of Troop D, 1st Squadron, 4th Cavalry, the 
supporting artillery, and Air Force fighter aircraft contributed immeasurably to 
the success of the battle by bringing devastating fire on the Viet Cong. The 
actions resulted in a count of 105 insurgents killed and a large number of Viet 
Cong weapons captured. On the morning of 30 June 1966, Troops B and C were 
conducting armed reconnaissance north of An Loc on Highway 13, when they were 
struck by a Viet Cong regiment. The insurgent force poured a volume of mortar, 
recoilless rifle and automatic weapons fire into the column from the front and 
two sides. Fire was immediately returned by the Squadron, engaging the Viet Cong 
at point-blank range. The insurgents, concealed next to the road, made repeated 
attempts to overrun the Squadron by use of hand grenades at close range, 
point-blank firing, and fanatical assaults. Maneuver by the cavalrymen was again 
severely hampered by dense brush and marshy soil and they were forced to conduct 
their fight from extremely vulnerable positions. Although four platoon leaders 
were killed or wounded in the first hour, the gallant stand of the cavalrymen 
resulted in total defeat of the hostile force, whose scattered survivors fled 
from the battlefield. On the morning of 9 July, the Squadron's
B, C, and D troops deployed southwest of An Loc to lure the insurgents into 
contact. The reinforced Viet Cong regiment, again covered in the heavy growth 
along the road, launched a powerful attack under the cover of intense mortar, 
small arms, automatic weapons, and grenades and .50 caliber machinegun fire. The 
intensity of the three-hour fight equaled the two earlier and longer engagements. 
The lack of proximate landing zones for the infantry delayed the planned 
reinforcement and required the Squadron to bear the entire force of the 
numerically superior insurgent force attack for two hours. '1'he cavalrymen with 
immediately responsive and continuous support by air and artillery, Imeroically 
stood their ground and broke the Viet on attack. The determination displayed by 
the 1st Squadron, 4th United States Cavalry during the three decisive battles of 
operation El Paso II resulted in significant victories. The Squadron's indomitable 
courage resulted in 712 confirmed hostile dead, and estimated 850 additional 
killed, and large quantities of captured weapons and equipment. The conspicuous 
gallantry and extraordinary heroism of the 1st S9uadron, 4th Cavalry, 1st Infantry 
Division is in keeping with the finest traditions of the military service and 
reflects great credit upon all who Participated in these significant battles.


Award of Vietnam Cross Of Gallentry W/Palm to BRO Units

Return to the QuarterHorse Index Page

This Page Modified 10 Feb 2017